Epidendrum cardiophorum Schltr. 1911 GROUP Spathiger SUBGROUP RigidumPhoto by © Danny Lentz, plant grown by Atlanta Botanical Garden

Inflorescence Photo by © Azucena Briones Muñoz and her Infojardin Photo Album Website

Part shadeHotColdSpringFall

Common Name Heart-Shaped Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in tropical rainforests, inundated forests, warm oakforests, mangroves, along rivers, in secondary vegatation and savannah-like vegetation at elevations of sea level to 950 meters as a small to just medium sized, hot to warm, scandent or creeping growing epiphyte with erect, cane-like, laterally compressed towards the apex stems carrying 3 to 5, rarely 6 to 7, along the apical 1/2 of the stem, subcoriaceous, smooth, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, bilobed apically, entire marginally, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms from the late spring through mid fall on a terminal, distichous, racemose, laterally compressed, ancipitose, 2" [5 cm] long, successively 7 to 10 flowered inflorescence with 1 to 3, imbricate, short, triangular-ovate, rounded to acute, conduplicate, progressively smaller, shorter to equal to the ovary in length bracts and floral bracts

CAUTION!!!For years E cardiophorum has been given as a synonym of E rigidum but differs mostly in the calli and keels on the lip and the fact that it occurs in Central America. E rigidum is confined to the Antilles and northern South America. All references from Central America for E rigidum are most likely attributed to this species.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 127. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E rigidum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as E rigidum drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E rigidum drawing fide; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo good; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1311 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1361 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 see recognition section; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E aff cardiphorum photo ok; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide;