Epidendrum carpophorum Barb.Rodr. 1882 GROUP Nocturnum SUBGROUP Nocturnum Photo by José Luis Panozo Añez


Common Name The Fruit Bearing Epidendrum

Flower Size

Found in Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam and Brazil at elevations around 600 to 700 meters as a small to medium sized, warm growing epiphyte with fractiflex, strongly flattened stems enveloped basally to mid stem by evanescent, conduplicate sheaths and carrying distichous, conduplicate, mostly purplish, broadly elliptic leaves, that blooms in the spring through fall on a terminal, erect, short, single [sometimes 2] flowered inflorescence with nocturnally scented flowers

Often cited as a synonym of E tridens, E nocturnum , E latifolium or E angustilobum but the distinguising factor is the plant, not particularily the flower. This species is recognozed by the laterally compressed stems, ancipitose towards the apex, the relatively wide leaves, the ovary with the body of the capsule placed more towards the apex of the capsule instead of as in E latifolium and E angustilobum towards the apex of the ovary. E latifolium has narrower leaves and the body of the capsule is clearly near the apex of the ovary and has a very long pedicel, E macroophorum has tall stems with ancipitose leaf sheaths with large wide leaves and a very long ovary with the body of the capsule towards the apex of the ovary. E nocturnum has terete stems, relatively short and narrow leaves, a short ovary about as long as the sepals and the body of the capsule centered and occupying nearly the whole length of the ovary.

Synonyms Epidendrum tridens var. briegeri I.Bock 1982

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 709 Hamer 1982 as E carpophorum drawing = E tridens; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E carpophorum drawing = E tridens; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0326 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 as E carpophorum drawing not = E tridens; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as E carpophorum = E tridens; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 as E carpophorum drawing = E tridens; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 as E carpophorum photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E carpophorum drawings ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as E carpophorum photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1313 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 drwaing Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as E carpophorum photo fide; Orchidees du Bresil As Orquideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 Drawing/photo fide