Epidendrum chioneum Lindl 1845 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum Photo by Oscar Perdomo and the Proyecto Orquideas de Umbita Website

Common Name The Snow White Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru at elevations of 2300 to 2800 meters as a large sized, cold growing terrestrial with simple to more usually branching sub-apically, cane-like terete, erect stems entirely enveloped by close, tubular leaf sheaths and carrying numerous on the main stem, 9 to 20 on the secondary branches, articulate, distichous, all along the stem, coriaceous, sub-erect, unequal in size [ main stem larger], ovate-lanceolate to oblong lanceolate, obtuse to apiculate, sessile and basally clasping leaves that blooms at any time of the year on a terminal, without a spathe, occuring only once, short and usually nodding, 3" [7.5 cm] long,

Very similar to E connatum but differs as far as I can tell only in the divergent calli of the lip base and the leaves, and leaf sheaths.

Also E zipaquiranum is often cited as a synonym of this species but Hagsater states that this species always has snow white, nonfragrant flowers while E zipaquiranum has greenih yellow to yellowish cream colored fragrant flowers

Synonyms Epidendrum claesianum Cogn. 1901;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 245 Schlechter 1920; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 3 Foldats Drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 drawing hmm; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing hmm; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 149 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see Recognition section; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing hmm; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 729 Hagsater & Sanchez 2004 see Recognition section as E zipaquirianum; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1221 Hagsater 2009 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1257 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1300 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Orquideologia 29: 1 2012 photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------