Epidendrum anceps Jacq. 1763 GROUP Anceps SUBGROUP Anceps Photo courtesy of Eladio M. Fernandez © 2005 Dominican Republic

Brown Cultivar Brazil

Brown Cultivar, Deflexed Sepals and Petals Costa Rica Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding.

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Common Name Brown Epidendrum or Double-Edged Epidendrum

Flower Size 1/2" [6 cm]

Found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil as a medium sized, caespitose, warm to cold growing epiphyte or occasional lithophyte occuring in cypress swamps and damp montane and tropical rain forests at altitudes up to 2000 meters, with erect, ancipitous, stems enveloped basally by a few scarious sheaths and carrying several to many, lanceolate, basally clasping leaves that graduate in size from the base and blooms throughout the year on an apical, 9" [22.5 cm] long, terminal, subumbellate, racemose inflorescence that is covered with several scarious, imbricate, acuminate sheaths and carries many, small, fragrant [old stale straw] flowers clustered at the apex and blooms repeatedly from the old inflorescence over a few years.

Differs from the similar E amphistomum by the smaller plant, greener flowers and the 3 lobed lip.

Synonyms Amphiglottis anceps [Jacq.]Britt 1924; Amphiglottis lurida Salisb. 1812; Epidendrum anceps var. typicum Stehlé 1939; Epidendrum anceps var viridipurpureum [Hkr.]Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum cearense Barb. Rod. 1881; Epidendrum ensatum Rich & Gal. 1845; Epidendrum fuscatum Sm. 1791; Epidendrum fuscatum var. virescens Lodd. ex Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum patens Sw [non HKR.]Epidendrum schenckianum Krzl. 1909; Epidendrum schreineri Barb.Rodr. 1882; Epidendrum secundum Sw. 1760; Epidendrum secundum ssp Breigeri H. Dietrich 1992; Epidendrum virescens Lodd. 1832; Epidendrum viridipurpureum Hooker 1838; Tritelandra fuscata (Sm.) Raf. 1837

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as E fuscatum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as E anceps var viridipurpureum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E fuscatum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17:29. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 116. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 209. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 drawing fide; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum anceps var typicum; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as Epidendrum anceps var viridipurpureum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as E secundum drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as E. patens; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as E secundum drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 as E secundum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; Icones Planetarum Troipcarum Plate 072 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 707 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Esecundum photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0056 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 as E musciferum; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 448 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 469 Bennett & Christenson 1998 see comments; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 437 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2002 as E musciferum; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 764 Hagsater & Sanchez 2004; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 846 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1102 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1335 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchidees du Bresil As Orquideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 Drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide

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