Epidendrum baumannianum Schltr. 1920 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Calanthum Photo by © Andy Phillips and Andy's Orchids

Full Sun Hot to Warm WinterSpring

Common Name Baumann's Epidendrum [French Gardener late 1800's]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia and Ecuador in lowland rainforest, often with antnests or on steep embankments at elevations of 50 to 1000 meters as a large sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial with roots that only arise from the base [a major difference with the related Epi radicans that has roots arising any where on the stem] and erect, non-swollen, cane-like stems enveloped by grayish sheaths and carrying 6 to 10, subcoriaceous, elliptic, bilobed, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the winter through spring on a terminal, to 20" [to 50 cm] long, congested, successively flowered, racemose inflorescence with the several flowers held in an apical umbel. The tall plants the caespitose stems with roots only at the base, and leaves distrubuted along th emiddle, the elongfate peduncle, the successive flwoering, the resupinate, yellowish flowers, the lacinate margins of the lip and the erect column distinguish this species.

This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 126 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 244 Schlechter 1920; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:167 Schlechter 1924; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren -Atlas 57: 169 Schlechter 1929 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 074 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 717 Dodson 1982 as E hawkesii; ORQUIDEA (Méx.) 9(1): 1983 photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1520 Atwood 1993 drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 909 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1104 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1105 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008;Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1130 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo/drawing fide;