Epidendrum porpax Rchb.f. 1855 GROUP Porpax Photo by © Wilfried Löderbusch the Universidad Veracruzana Website

FragrancePart shade Warm Cool LATE SpringTHROUGH Winter

Common Name The Shield Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in wet montane and cloud forests at elevations of 400 to 1800 meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing, mat-forming epiphyte with simple, cane-like , laterally compressed, somewhat reclining stems carrying 4 to 13, all along the stem, disitchous, spreading, slightly arching, narrowly ovate-lanceolate, sometimes conduplicate, subacute, margin minutely ciliate at the apex, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the late spring through winter on a terminal, sessile, single flowered inflorescence arising through a hemi-elliptic, ovate-lanceolate, rounded and slightly oblique apically spathaceous bracts and carrying, fragrant, resupinate, fleshy flowers.

Hagsater has separated E porpax and E peperomia and states that the differences are that E peperomia has an orbicular-cordiform lip that is wider than long, has an obtuse apex and is known only from Colombia and Venezuela while E porpax has a reniform to sub-orbicular-subquadrate, slightly convex, apically rounded, shortly emarginate and erose dentate lip and comes from all of the countries listed.

Synonyms Epidendrum porphyrophyllum Schlechter 1922; Nanodes porpax (Rchb. f.) Brieger 1960; Nanodes porpax (Rchb. f.) Brieger & Lückel 1978; Neolehmannia porpax [Rchb.f] Garay & Dunsterville 1976

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; Die Orchideen tafel 9 511- 579 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo not = E peperomia; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 not = E perperomia drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as Neolehmannia porpax; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1375 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide