Epidendrum frutex Rchb.f. 1855 GROUP Frutex Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Another Plant in situ Purace Colombia 6/07 Photo by © Roberto Angulo

Full Shade Cold spring

Common Name or Meaning The Shrubby Epidendrum

Flower Size 1/8" [4mm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in high cloud forest scrub at elevations of 2800 to 3500 meters as a giant sized, cold growing terrestrial with an elongate stem enveloped by tubular sheaths and carrying all along the newer stem, linear, acute, basally clasping, articulate to the sheaths leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, then arching, paniculate, many branched, many flowered inflorescence that blooms in the spring and has gigantic fruit capsules compared to the small flowers.

This species is a giant sized, tiny flowered orchid giving rise to capsules that are 10 to 20 times larger than the flower and are many branched masses within bushes in extremely wet to flooded lands in cloud forests with lots of lichen and mosses.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 drawing fide; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing good; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing good;Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; The Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 353 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E frigidum drawing good; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 403 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 443 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 468 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 645 Bennett & Christenson 2001; Orquideologia 24: 3 Ortiz & Hagsater 2005; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E aff frutex Drawing/Photo good;

GROUP Frutex

  1. Epidendrum acrorhodum Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  2. Epidendrum aquaticoides C.Schweinf. 1943 Ecuador Peru

  3. Epidendrum frigidum Linden ex Lindl. 1845 Venezuela, Colombia Peru

  4. Epidendrum frutex Rchb.f. 1855 Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

  5. Epidendrum harlingii Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  6. Epidendrum indanzense Hágsater & Dodson 1993 Ecuador

  7. Epidendrum melanotrichoides Hágsater & Dodson 1999 Ecuador

  8. Epidendrum pachychilum Kraenzl. 1905 Ecuador Peru

  9. Epidendrum papallactense Hágsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador