Epidendrum geminiflorum Kunth 1816 GROUP Megagastrium SUBGROUP Geminiflorum Photo by The Kopf Orchideen Website

The Kopf Orchideen Website

Plant and Flowers Photo by Patricia Harding

Part Shade WarmCool WinterSpringSummerFall

Common Name The Twin-Flowered Epidendrum

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in montane cloud forests on steep embankments at erlevations of 600 to 1550 meters as a warm to cool growing epiphyte or a terrestrial with a short, cane-like stem carrying in the upper half, elliptic-lanceolate, acute leaves that blooms in the winter, spring, summer or fall on a terminal, short, enveloped completely by a basal, leaflike sheath, 2 flowered inflorescence carrying yellow green flowers.

Many references cite this species as a synonym of the similar E marsupiale but it differs in the lack of acute side lobes to the lip instead of rounded and is also less acute and shorter at the apex.

Synonyms Epidendrum cajamarcae Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 247 Schlechter 1920; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as E cajamarcae; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 9: 81 Schlechter 1922 as E cajamarcae; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27: 67 Colombia Schlechter 1924; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren -Atlas 57: 459 Schlechter 1929 as E cajamarcae drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, an Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 80 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as Epidendrum geminiflorum; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 as E geminiflorum photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 050 Bennett & Christenson 1993 see comments as E cajamarcae and E geminiflorum; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo not = E marsupiale; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 394 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section as E geminiflorum; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as E geminiflorum photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo as E geminiflorum; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1269 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section as E geminiflorum; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 as E geminiflorum drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide