Epidendrum philocremnum Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Geminiflorum

Photo by © Orchi and the Wikimedia Website.

TYPE Drawing TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Rock Face Epidendrum [refers to it's preference for steep locations]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Ecuador on the eastern slopes of the Andes on cliffs and steep hillsides at elevations of 1600 to 2200 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing lithophye or terrestrial with simple, cane-like, laterally flattened, ancipitous, somewhat flexuous stems carrying 3 to 7, throughout the upper 2/3's of the stem, ovate to narrowly ellipitc, bilobed, subcoriaceous leaves that blooms in the later winter on a terminal, arising through a conduplicate, semi-obovate, rounded spathe enveloping the racemose, 2 flowered inflorescence and has much shorter than the ovary, narrowly triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, non-resupinate flowers.

"Epidendrum philocremnum belongs to GROUP Geminiflorum , recognized by the prominent, rounded spathe, few, non-resupinate flowers, the lip non-excavate. The species is recognized by the two flowers, sepals .48 to .6" [12 to 15 mm] long, and prominent, suborbicular lateral lobes of the lip. Epidendrum geminiflorum Kunth has 2 to 4 larger flowers, sepals .6 to .8" [15 to 20 mm] long, acuminate sepals, petals and the lip with incipient, rounded lateral lobes. Epidendrum stevensonii Hágsater & Dodson has 5 to 10 simultaneous flowers, with .72" [18 mm] long sepals, a spade-like lip without lateral lobes and is always epiphytic. Epidendrum rotundifolium Hágsater & Dodson has suborbicular to elliptic leaves, sepals .6" [15 mm] long and very narrow petals, the lip is excavated, Malaxis-like; it is restricted to the lower mountains at the foot of the western Andes on the border between Ecuador and Peru. Epidendrum cuencanum Schltr. has a triangular-subcordate, acuminate lip, sepals .8" [20 mm] long, and petals linear, .04" [1 mm] wide." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 470 Hagsater 2001 drawing ok lip in drawing does not have as acute of apical lobe of lip; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 488 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1706 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1716 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1723 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1739 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section