Epidendrum ibaguense H.B.K. 1816 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Calanthum Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

Plant and flowers Photo by Jay Pfahl

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Common Name Ibague' Epidendrum [Colombian town]

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3.25 cm]

This is a highly variable, large sized, erect, hot to warm growing, reedstem terrestrial or lithophytic species at elevations of that is found from Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia and northern Brazil with terete stems enveloped by grey or brown sheaths carrying elliptic, distichous, acute or obtuse leaves that is freeblooming year round on a terminal, erect, to 14" [35 cm] long, simple or few branched raceme with an apical cluster of blooms that open in succession over a long period of time and needs even year round conditions.

Synonyms Epidendrum baumannianum Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum bituberculatum Rolfe 1892; Epidendrum fraternum Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum laetum Schltr. 1919; Epidendrum miquelii Schltr. 1925; Epidendrum planiceps Kraenzl. 1911; Epidendrum smithii Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum sororium Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as E fraternum; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as E smithii; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as E sororium; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 731 Dodson 1982 see observations; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 8 1983 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 040 Hagsater 1990 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1433 Atwood 1992 see observations; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 7 1993 photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1171 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as E laetum photo not; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;

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