Epidendrum laucheanum Rolfe 1893 GROUP Carloii

Photo by © Andy's Orchids Copyright © 2002 All rights reserved.

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica

Photo by © Wilfried Löderbusch

toMOSTLYTHROUGH

Common Name Lauche's Epidendrum [Austrian Botanical Director Vienna 1800's]

Flower Size to 1" [to 2.5 cm]

Found in in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia in cloud forests at elevations of 800 to 2100 meters a small sized, warm to cool growing, reedstem epiphyte with slender, erect stems enveloped by scarious, acuminate sheaths and carrying narrowly linear-lanceolate, spreading, coriaceous, basally clasping, acute leaves that blooms mostly in the summer on a terminal, arcuate to pendulous, simple, 1 1/2' [45 cm] long, few to many [to 100] flowered inflorescence with successively opening, non-fragrant flowers.

Distinguished by presenting one, very long, arching-pendent, rat-tailed inflorescence with coffee colored flowers and a yellow to purple colored lip.

"Epidendrum laucheanum belongs to the GROUP Carloii which is characterized by the caespitose habit, short, unbranched, laterally compressed stems, thick, coriaceous leaves, and the long, arching, nutant, rat-tail-like inflorescence with a long bracts at the base, and the numerous, successive flowers. The species is recognized by the large plants 28 to 36" [70 to 90 cm] tall with linear-lanceolate, acuminate leaves up to 8.6" [21.5 cm] long, the margin revolute, the long, racemose, rat-tail inflorescence 10 to 32" [25 to 80 cm] long), up to 80 flowered, the flowers fleshy, ochre to purple-brown, with the lip apple-green, and the column ending in a pair of lateral teeth. Epidendrum carolii Schltr. has somewhat smaller plants 5.2 to 14" [13 to 35 cm] tall, with narrowly ovate to ovate-lanceolate leaves, the margin spreading and the apex acute to rounded 1 to 3.2" [2.5 to 8 cm] long, a shorter, 6.4 to 12" [16 to 30 cm] long, racemose inflorescence with up to 23 flowers , the flowers copper colored, tinged with purple and the lip yellow, the column ending in a pair of rounded wings. Epidendrum probiflorum Schltr. also has shorter plants to 13.2" [33 cm] tall, oblong-lanceolate to ovate lanceolate, acute leaves 1.36 to 2.4" [3.4 to 6 cm] long, a generally paniculate, erect inflorescence with up to 60, purple-brown to creamy-peach colored flowers, the lip white and the apex of the column ending in a pair of teeth." Hagsater etal 2010

Synonyms Epidendrum cristobalense Ames 1923; Epidendrum dolichostachyum Schlechter 1906; Epidendrum urostachyum Schltr. 1918

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1893: 62. 1893; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 248 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 37. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E dolichostachyum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 119. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E dolichostachyum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum urostachyum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum urostachyum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum urostachyum drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E christobalense sic; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum urostachyumdrawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 714 Hamer 1982 as E dolichostachyum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1217 Hamer 1985 as E cristobalense drawing ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E cristobalense drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E dolichostachyum drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as E urostachyum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1320 Atwood 1989 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 27 Hagsater and Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 27 Hagsater and Salazar 1990 see recognition section as E urostachyum; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 722 Hagsater & Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1136 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #6 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1164 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 13 Plate 1312 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1346 Hagsater 2010 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013photo fide; Of Men & Orchids Part 1 Jenny 2015 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #10 2016 photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 Photo fide;

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