Epidendrum probiflorum Schltr. 1922 GROUP Carloii

Inflorescence and Plant

Photos by © Eric Hunt


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Modest Flowered Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Panama at elevations around 1000 to 1200 meters as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, basally terete, laterally compressed towards the apex, cane-like stems the basal 2/3's enveloped by scarious, tubular, non-foliaceous sheaths and carrying 2 to 4, towards the apex, unequal in size, suberect, articulate, distichous, coriaceous, oblong-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, margin entire leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect to slightly arching, racemose to paniculate, occuring only once, laterally compressed, somewhat ancipitous, straight to flexuous, 8 to 60 flowered inflorescence with 3 to 9, tubular, acute to subacute, ancipitous, partly imbricating bracts and as long as the ovary or shorter, triangular-lanceolate, ahort acuminate floral bracts and carries successive flowers starting opening at the base.

"Epidendrum probiflorum belongs to the GROUP Carloii which is characterized by the caespitose habit, short, unbranched, laterally colllpressed stems, thick, coriaceous leaves, and the long, arching, nutant, rat-tail-like inflorescence with long bracts at the base, and the numerous, successive flowers. The species is recognized by the generally paniculate inflorescence, oblong-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate leaves, up to 60 purple-brown to creamy peach colored flowers and the lip white, ovate-triangular with a prominent, concave-sulcate, fleshy keel, the margin erose-crenate. Epidendrum carolii Schltr. has a shorter, racemose, arching inflorescence with up to 23 copper colored flowers tinged with purple, the lip yellow, widely ovate to reniform, with a fleshy, non-sulcate keel, and the entire margin slightly erose-crenate. Epidendrum laucheanum Rolfe ex Bonhof, has much larger plants, long, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate leaves, up tp 80 flowered, racemose, arching-nodding inflorescence, with ochre to purple-brown flowers, the lip apple-green, the margin entire." Hagsater etal 2008


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 39. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1164 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 13 Plate 1312 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1346 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section