Epidendrum nutantirhachis Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

TYPE Drawing by Hagsater and The AMO Herbaria Website

Collection Sheet Specimen by Standley and Epidendra Webpage

Fragrance Part shadeCoolColdEARLY Spring THROUGH EARLIERFall

Common Name The Nutant Rachis Epidendrum

Flower Size .5" [1.25 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, Panama and Ecuador in pluvial cloud and oak forests at elevations of 1400 to 2300 meters as a medium to large sized, cool to cold growing epiphtye with a branching, terete, cane-like stem producing secondary slightly shorter, thinner stems and these in turn produce short branches from the main, secondary and subapical internodes of the previous flowering branch and carrying numerous, all along the main and secondary stems, 2 to 5 on the short flowering branches, spreading, ligulate-elliptic, obliquely bilobed apically, coriaceous, slightly rugose leaves that blooms in the early spring through earlier fall on a terminal, racemose, distichous, erect to arching, nutant, rigid, straight, thick, terete, rachis zigzag, 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence arising on the secondary and flowering branches, with as long to slightly longer than the ovary, conduplicate, not imbricating, ovate, acute floral bracts and carrrying simultaneous, non-resupinate, nocturnal and early morning scented flowers.

The cylindrical, robust, principal sinuous stems with sparsely verrucose sheaths and carrying ligulate-elliptic leaves that blooms on a 2 to 6 flowered inflroescence with a zig-zag rachis, non-imbricate, longer than the ovary floral bracts, well spaced flowers with a lip that completely clsps the column distinguish this species


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 966 Hagsater 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;