Epidendrum paranaense Barb.Rodr. 1881 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Paranaense

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Common Name The Parana' Epidendrum [A state in southern Brazil]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Brazil at elevations of 700 to 1800 meters as a miniature to giant? sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte of lithophyte with thick, branching, pendulous, apically upward curving, cane-like stems carrying alternate, dark green, deeply keeled, leathery, lanceolate leaves that blooms in the late summer and fall on a terminal, short to 2" [5 cm] long, thick, fan-shaped, to 9 flowered inflorescence with each white, fleshy flower enveloped by a large, stiff, imbricate, somewhat inflated, maroon to greeny yellow, brown spotted sheathing bract.

"E. paranaense Barb. Rodr. belongs to the GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Paranaense characterized by the pendent branching plant with coriaceous leaves, distichous inflorescense, oblong to oblong-lanceolate leaves. The species has wider leaves than the following comparitive species, .8 to 1.2" [2 to 3 cm] wide, ovate to ovate-oblong lip, ovary .48 to .6" [12 to 15 mm] long, longer petals, .48 to .52" x .08 to .01" [12 to 13 x 2 to 2.5 mm], and a longer capsule, .8 x .48" [20 x 12 mm]. Epidendrum bahorucense has terete stems, ovate-triangular lip, truncate at the base, short column, reduced clinandrium, ellipsoid capsule, .48 x .36" [12 x 9 mm]. Epidendrum morrisii Hágsater & L. Cerv. from Jamaica has laterally compressed stems, longer leaves, 2 to 7.6" [5 to 19 cm] long, and larger flowers, sepals ,4 to .64" [10 to 16 mm] long, petals .56 to .6" [14 to 15 mm] long, and longer column, .24" [6 mm] long. Epidendrum mora-retanae Hágsater from Nicaragua to Panama has a cordate lip, clinandrium as long as the column proper, and a pyriform capsule, .8 to 1" x .4 to .48" [20 to 25 x 10 to 12 mm]. The na me Epidendrum imbricatum Lindl., which corresponds to a Brazilian plant, cannot be used due to the earlier homonym applied to Lockhartia biserra by Lamarck, and thus the later name, E paranense." Hagsater etal 2001

Synonyms Epidendrum imbricatum Lindl. 1831; Epidendrum ramosum var. imbricatum Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1934

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum imbricatum; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as E imbricatum drawing ok; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E ramosum var imbricatum; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as E imbricatum drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E imbricatum; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 026 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section as E imbricatum; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 160 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 415 Hagsater & Salazar 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 462 Hagsater & Salazar 2001 see recognition section; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 photo fide; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller & Seehawer 2008 drawing/photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing fide/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017;