Epidendrum paranaense Barb.Rodr. 1881 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Paranaense Photo by Victor Silveira and his Orquideas da Mata Atlantica website

Another Flower less open

Plant and Flowers Photos by Luiz Filipe Varela and his Flicker website

Deep shadeWarmCool LATESummerfall

Common Name The Parana' Epidendrum [A state in southern Brazil]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Brazil at elevations of 700 to 1800 meters as a giant sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte of lithophyte with thick, branching, pendulous, apically upward curving, cane-like stems carrying alternate, dark green, deeply keeled, leathery, lanceolate leaves that blooms in the late summer and fall on a terminal, short to 2" [5 cm] long, thick, fan-shaped, to 9 flowered inflorescence with each white, fleshy flower enveloped by a large, stiff, imbricate, somewhat inflated, maroon to greeny yellow, brown spotted, sheathing bract.

Synonyms Epidendrum imbricatum Lindl. 1831; Epidendrum ramosum var. imbricatum Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1934

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum imbricatum; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as E imbricatum drawing ok; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E ramosum var imbricatum; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as E imbricatum drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E imbricatum; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 026 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section as E imbricatum; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Icones Orchidacearum 2 plate 160 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 415 Hagsater & Salazar 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 462 Hagsater & Salazar 2001 see recognition section; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 photo fide; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller & Seehawer 2008 drawing/photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing fide/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------