Epidendrum penneystigma Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Platystigma

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part Shade Cool LATERSpring THROUGH EARLY Fall

Common Name Penney's Epidendrum [Collector of species current]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Costa Rica in cloud forests at elevations of 1000 to 1600 meters as a large to giant sized, cool growing epiphyte with a branched, canelike, erect, terete stem carrying all along the stem, deciduous on main stem, persistent and smaller on the branches, elliptic, obliquely bilobed, rounded apically leaves that blooms in the later spring through early fall on a terminal, paniculate, occuring only once, distichous, erect to arcuate, peduncle short, laterally compressed, rachis flexuous, 1.6 to 2.4" [4 to 6 cm] long, simultaneously 4 to 7 flowered inflorescence with conduplicate, longer then the ovary, widely ovate, acute floral bracts and carrying rsupinate, white flowers.

"Epidendrum penneystigma is part of GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Platystigma characterized by Vanda-like plants when young; before branching occurs, with long, strap-like leaves. The species has elliptic, obliquely bilobed, rounded leaves, those on the principal stem 4.4 x 1" [ 11 x 2.5 cm], those on the secondary and terciary branches .6 to 2" x .28" to .6" [1.5 to 5 x .7 to 1.5 cm], a racemose inflorescence with non-imbricate floral bracts, white flowers and elliptic-lanceolate, acute, slightly mucronate sepals that are .16 to .2" [1.5 to 2 mm] wide, a heart based lip that envelopes the column completely, a laminar, tridentate callus and a strongly arcuate ovary." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 318 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 340 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 see recognition section;* Icones Orchidacearum 3 plate 368 Hagsater & Garcia Cruz 1999 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 397 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 977 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1127 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide;