Epidendrum phlebonocturnum Hágsater & R.Jiménez 2018 GROUP Nocturnum

Lip Detail TYPE Photos by © Jimenez and Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1692 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Veined E Nocturnum Epidendrum [refers to the veins on the lip]

Flower Size 4.8" [12 cm]

Found in Pastaza and Morona Santiago provinces of Ecuador at elevations of 900 to 2000 meters as a mini-miniature to miniature sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed above but not ancipitose, terete at base, straight stem carrying 5 to 6, distributed along the apical half of stem, articulate, very unequal, progressively larger; foliar sheaths striated, laterally compressed, blade elliptic, obtuse, apex retuse, sub-coriaceous, slightly dorsally carinate, light to dark green on both sides leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a terminal, without a spathe, peduncle very short, rachis short, racemose, producing new racemes in subsequent years, and becoming pluri-racemose over time, successivly single, few flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acute, clasping floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers without fragrance data.

" The species is recognized by the epiphytic habit, short stems .36 to .44" [9 to 11 cm] long, laterally compressed, bright green, 5 to 6 unequal leaves, ovary about as long as the .168 to .184" [42 to 46 mm] long sepals, deeply 3-lobed lip, with large yellow calli, and the lateral lobes with prominently raised veins radiating from the base and sub-parallel, the mid-lobe .92 x 1" [23 x 2.5 mm], i.e. 10:1 (length:width). Epidendrum porphyreonocturnum Hágsater & R.Jiménez has stems 6.4 to 16" [16 to 40 cm] tall, 3 to 8 narrowly elliptic, acute leaves of similar size, 2.6 x .4" [6.5 x-1.8 cm], dark green above, purple on the underside, ovary .172" [43 mm] long, sepals .72 to .84" [18 to 21 mm] long, lip .48 to .56" x .48 to .56" [12 to 14 x 12 to 14 mm], the lateral lobes ovate, with 6 thickened, radiating veins, mid-lobe .348 to ,36" x .8" [8.7 to 9.0 x 2.0 mm], i.e. 4:1 (length:width). Epidendrum minus (Cogn.) Hágsater has stems 4 to 8" [10 to 20 cm] long, leaves 2 to 3" x .32 to .56" [5.0 to 7.5 x 0.8 to 1.4 cm], 5:1, green on both sides, ovary .12" [30 mm] long, sepals .84 to .96" x 1.6" [21 to 24 x 4.0 cm} (Cogniaux 1907), it is found at lower altitudes in the Amazon basin." Hagsater etal 2018

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1692 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1693 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 drawing/photo fidesee recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1697 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 see recognition section

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