Epidendrum porphyreonocturnum Hágsater & R.Jiménez 2018 GROUP Nocturnum

Flower Detail LCDP Photo by Ciscernos and R Jimenez/TYPE Photo by © Jimenez and Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1697 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 AMO Herbaria Website.

Common Name The Purple E Nocturnum Epidendrum

Flower Size 3.5" [7.2 cm]

Found in Ecuador on the eastern slopes of the Andes in the foothills at elevations of 550 to 1500 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with simple, canelike, terete at base, laterally compressed towards the apex, erect, straight stems carrying 3 to 8, distributed along the apical half of the stem, alternate, sub-equal, articulate, foliar sheaths .8 to 1.6" x .08 to ,148" [2 to 4 x 0.20 to 0.37 cm], laterally compressed, striated, blade narrowly elliptic, acute, apex narrowly rounded, sub-coriaceous, slightly dorsally carinate, upper side dark green, underside purple leaves that blooms at most any tome of the year on a terminal, without a spathe, peduncle and rachis abbreviated, racemose, producing new racemes in successive years and the pluri-racemose, .4 to .6" [1.0-1.5 cm] long overall, producing one flower at a time from a raceme, successively single, several flowered inflorescence, much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acute, embracing floral bracts and carrying resupinate, fragrance not registered flowers with sepals red-brown, petals pale green, lip white, including calli, column green at base, apex of column white.

"The species is recognized by the epiphytic habit, stems 6.4 to 16" [16 to 40 cm] tall plant, to 8 narrowly elliptic, acute leaves of similar size, 2.6 to 3.2" x .32 to .78" [6.5 to 8.0 x 0.8 to 1.8 cm], dark green above, purple on the underside, ovary .132 to .172" [33 to 43 mm] long, sepals .172 to .084" [18 to 21 mm] long, lip .48 to .56" x .48 to .56" [12 to 14 x 12 to 14 mm], the lateral lobes ovate, with 6 thickened, radiating veins, mid-lobe .348 to .36" x .08" [8.7 to 9.0 x 2.0 mm], i.e. 4:1 (length:width). Epidendrum phlebonocturnum Hágsater & R.Jiménez has short stems 3.6 to 4.4" [9- to 11 cm] long, laterally compressed, bright green, 5 to 6 unequal leaves, .6 to 2.8" x .44 to .92" [1.5 to 7.0 x 1.1 to 2.3 cm], ovary about as long as the sepals .156 to .184" [39 to 46 mm] long, deeply 3- lobed lip, with large yellow calli, and the lateral lobes with prominently raised veins radiating from the base and sub-parallel, mid-lobe .92 x 1" [23 x 2.5 mm], i.e. 10:1 (length:width). Most other species do not have prominently raised veins on the lateral lobes of the lip, they are flat. In the area you can also find Epidendrum platynocturnum Hágsater & R.Jiménez which has stems 2.4 to 4.8" [6 to 12 cm] long, laterally compressed, leaves 1.2 to 2" x .38 to .48" [3 to 5 x 0.9 to 1.2 cm], narrowly elliptic, acute, dark green above, slightly reddish on the underside, ovary .124" [31 mm] long, sepals .06 to .064" [15 to 16 mm] long, lip .36 to .22" [9.0 x 5.5 mm], shallowly elliptic with lobes proportionately wide, mid-lobe .16 to .08" [4 x 2 mm], i.e. 2:1 (length:width). Epidendrum minus (Cogn.) Hágsater has stems 4 to 8 " [10 to 20 cm] long, leaves 2 to 3" x .32 to .52" [5.0 to 7.5 x 0.8 to 1.4 cm], green on both sides, ovary 1.2" [30 mm] long, sepals .84 to .96" x .16" [21 to 24 x 4.0 mm], it is found at lower altitudes in the upper Amazon basin." Hagsater etal 2018

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1692 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 see recognition section Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1693 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 see recognition section * Icones Orchidacearum 16(2) Plate 1697 Hagsater & Jimenez 2018 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1762 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;

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