Epidendrum pseudomagnisaxicolum L.Valenz., E.Santiago & Hágsater 2020 GROUP Saxicola

TYPE drawing by R. Jiménez M. and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The False E magnisaxicola Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Pasco department of Peru in the buffer zone of the Parque Nacional Yanachaga Chemillén; central jungle of Peruhe sclerophyllous forests of the Milpo sector, surrounded with populations of Hypericum spp. at elevations of 2800 to 2900 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte forming fusiform, striated pseudobulbs covered by 4, different sizes, translucent, becoming fibrous, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, articulate, coriaceous, elliptic, apex obtuse, unequally bilobed, margin entire leaf that blooms in the winter on a terminal, arising through a single, tubular, oblong, conduplicate, with rounded apex spathe, peduncle 2.88" to 2.96" [7.2 to 7.4 cm] long; terete, robust, erect, as long as the spathe, rachis, .72 to .8" [1.8 to 2.0 cm] long, robust, 4.8 to 6" [12 to 15 cm] long including flowers, erect, racemose, simultaneously 2 flowered inflorescence with almost inconspicuous, much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acute floral and carrying non-resupinate flwoers with red sepals, the petals and lip creamy green and column creamy and the fragrance not registered.

"Epidendrum pseudomagnisaxicola belongs to the GROUP Saxicola characterized by the pseudobulbous stems, caespitose or scandent habit, a prominent spathe apically rounded, a few-flowered erect inflorescence, and the flowers purple or yellow. The new species is recognized by the sepals red, petals and lip creamy green and column cream colored sepals 1 to 1.08" x .3 to .36" [25 to 27 x 7.5 to 9.0 mm], oblong-lanceolate, lip .6 to .78" x .78 to .8" [15 to 17 x 17 to 20 mm], triangular-cordiform, apex with 2 folds and the ovary, inflated in the middle forming an elongate vesicle that does not reach the apex of the ovary. Epidendrum magnisaxicola Hágsater, Edquén & E.Santiago has pale greenish-yellow flowers with brown-colored sepals .96 to 1" x .26 to .28" [24 to 25 x 6.5 to 7.0 mm], and the lip .54 x .44" [13.5 x 11 mm], ovate rhombic with the base truncate. Epidendrum microcattleyioides D.E.Benn. & Christenson has yellow flowers with the margin white, sepals .48 to .52" [12 to 13 mm] long, lip reniform, widely emarginate, with a single mid-rib, and a geniculate ovary. Epidendrum saxicola Kraenzl. has purple flowers with a white lip tinged purple, sepals .6" [15 mm] long, petals .52 x .1" [13 x 2.5 mm], and a lip sub-orbicular to obscurely pentagonal. Epidendrum herreranum C.Schweinf. has yellow tinged orange to reddish bronze flowers, petals .68 to .92" x .2 to .4" [17 to 23 x 5 to 10 mm], obovate-spatulate, and a lip 3-lobed, the lateral lobes obliquely semi-orbicular. Epidendrum milpoense Hágsater & E. Santiago has green flowers, sepals .72 to .76" [18 to 19 mm] long, petals .64 to .7" x .2 to .28" [16 to 17.5 x 5 to 7 mm], rhombic-spathulate, the lip widely cordiform, base deeply cordate, disc fleshy with 3 low ribs which reach the apical sinus, and the ovary slightly inflated beyond the middle." Hagsater etal 2020


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1792 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 TYPE Drawing/Photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1796 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;