Epidendrum ramosum Jacq. 1760 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Ramosum

Plant and Flowers Photos by © Alejandro Sanchez and his Nature Photography website

Common Name The Branched Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in cloud forests at elevations of 50 to 2500 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or terrestrial with a subterete, branching stem enveloped by close fiiting, somewhat compressed, leafless and leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying thick, rigid, asymetrical apically leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on a terminal, short, few flowered inflorescence enveloped completely by somewhat inflated floral bracts.

Synonyms Epidendrum imbricatum var. angustifolium Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum ramosum House 1906; Epidendrum ramosum var. angustifolium (Cogn.) L.O.Williams 1941; Epidendrum ramosum var. lineare Stehlé 1939; Epidendrum rigidum Lodd. 1829; Epidendrum sellowii Rchb.f. 1850; Epidendrum zanonii Dod 1993; Isochilus ramosus (Jacq.) Spreng. 1826; Spathiger ramosus (Jacq.) Britton 1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as E ramosum var lanceolatum; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 217. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:136 Schlechter 1924; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as E ramosum var linearis; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as E ramosum var lanceolatum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; Flora De Venezuela, Volumen XV Parte 3 Foldats 1970 drawing good; Die Orchideen lieferung 1 Schlecter/Brieger 1970 photo plant only; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 76 Dodson 1980; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 83 Dodson 1980; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 93 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 720 Hamer 1982 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 722 Hamer 1982 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 730 Hamer 1982 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 741 Hamer 1982 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 809 Hamer 1983 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 810 Hamer 1983 see observations; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1219 Hamer 1985 see observations; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1324 Atwood 1989 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1326 Atwood 1989 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0228 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 026 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 032 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 036 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 042 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1523 Atwood 1993 see notes; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1523 Atwood 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 140 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 159 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 160 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 190 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 250 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 301 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 309 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 3014 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 315 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 316 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 331 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 340 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 367 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 368 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 372 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 397 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 415 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 425 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 5&6 Plate 580 Hagsater 2002 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 5&6 Plate 581 Hagsater 2002 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 840 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 841 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 872 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 873 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 9 Plate 907 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 919 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 922 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 923 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 942 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 944 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 951 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 953 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 957 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 966 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 969 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 975 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 977 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 978 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 981 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 994 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1123 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1127 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1142 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1143 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1144 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1169 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1176 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1183 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1188 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1195 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1200 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 photo drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014

GROUP ramosum SUBGROUP Ramosum

  1. Epidendrum antillanum Ackerman & Hágsater 1992 Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Leewards and Windward Islands

  2. Epidendrum cornanthera F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.1899 Colombia Ecuador

  3. Epidendrum glumarum Hamer & Garay 1985 Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica

  4. Epidendrum mixtum Schltr. 1912 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua

  5. Epidendrum pseudoramosum Schltr.1912 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Venezuela

  6. Epidendrum ramosum Jacq. 1760 Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

  • GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Flexicaule

    1. Epidendrum antillianum Ackerman & Hágsater 1992 Dominican Republic, Puerto Rica, Leewards and Windwards

    2. Epidendrum calagrense Hagsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

    3. Epidendrum flexicaule Schltr. 1918 Costa Rica Ecuador

    4. Epidendrum insulanum Schltr.1918 Isla de Coco off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica

    5. Epidendrum modestiflorum Schlechter 1923 Costa Rica

    6. Epidendrum paradisicolum Hagsatee & Garcia-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    7. Epidendrum stevensii Hágsater 1992 Costa Rica

    8. Epidendrum urichianum Carnevali, Foldats & Ramirez 1992 Guyana Venezuela

    9. Epidendrum veraguasense Hágsater 1992

    GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Isomerum

    1. Epidendrum brevivenium Lindl 1853 Ecuador

    2. Epidendrum guanacastense Ames & Schweinf. 1930

    3. Epidendrum isomerum Schltr. 1906 Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Guyana and Ecuador

    4. Epidendrum zunigae Hágsater, Karremans & Bogarín 2008 Costa Rica

    GROUP ramosum SUBGROUP Mirabile

    1. Epidendrum acunae Dressler 1959 Florida [extinct], Cuba, Mexico [Vera Cruz & Chiapas], Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama

    2. Epidendrum blancheanum 1922 Florida, Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

    3. Epidendrum cocoense Hágsater 1999 Isla de Coco on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica

    4. Epidendrum haberi Hágsater & L.Sánchez 2006 Costa Rica

    5. Epidendrum jimenezii Hágsater 1999 Isla de Coco on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica

    6. Epidendrum mirabile Ames & C. Schweinf. 1930 Costa Rica

    7. Epidendrum rafael-lucasii Hágsater 1993 Costa Rica and Panama

    8. Epidendrum santaclarense Ames 1923 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama

    9. Epidendrum pollardii Hágsater 1993 Mexico

    10. Epidendrum singuliflorum Schltr. 1912 Mexico Guatemala

    GROUP ramosum SUBGROUP Paranense

    1. Epidendrum bahorucense Hagsater 2001 Dominican Republic

    2. Epidendrum mora-retenae Hagsater 1993 Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

    3. Epidendrum morrisii Hagsater & Cerv. 2001 Jamaica

    4. Epidendrum mutisii Hágsater 1999 Colombia

    5. Epidendrum paranaense Barb.Rodr. 1881 Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Brazil

    GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Platystigma

    1. Epidendrum acrostigma Hagsater & Garcia-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica Panama

    2. Epidendrum brachyclinium Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    3. Epidendrum bracteostigma Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    4. Epidendrum campbellstigma Hagsater & Garcia-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    5. Epidendrum jefestigma Hagsater & Garcia-Cruz 1999 Panama

    6. Epidendrum gibbosum LO Wms. 1941 Costa Rica & Panama

    7. Epidendrum paraguastigma Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica Panama

    8. Epidendrum penneystigma Hagsater & Garcia-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    9. Epidendrum paraguastigma Hagsater & Garcia-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    10. Epidendrum platyphyllostigma Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 Panama

    11. Epidendrum platystigma Rchb.f 1866 Costa Rica

    12. Epidendrum ramonianum Schlechter 1923 Costa Rica

    13. Epidendrum villegastigma Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

      GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Repens

      1. Epidendrum brachyrepens Hagsater 1999 Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama

      2. Epidendrum confertum Ames & Schweinf. 1930 Costa Rica

      3. Epidendrum lucke Bock 1884 Colombia Ecuador

      4. Epidendrum repens Cogn. 1909 Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Niacaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia

      5. Epidendrum schwartzii [Rchb.f ex Griseb.] Hagsater 2007 Jamaica

      6. Epidendrum strobiliferum Rchb. f. 1858 Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana and Venzuela

      7. Epidendrum zanoni Dod 1993 Dominican Republic

      GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

    14. Epidendrum anoglossoides Hagsater 1993 Costa Rica

    15. Epidendrum atrorugosum Hagsater 1999 Costa Rica

    16. Epidendrum chirripoense Hágsater 1993 Costa Rica

    17. Epidendrum cordiforme C.Schweinf. 1940 Costa Rica Panama

    18. Epidendrum curvisepalum Hágsater & Dressler 1993 Panama

    19. Epidendrum elcimeyae Hágsater & García-Cruz 1999 Costa Rica

    20. Epidendrum erythrostigma Hágsater 1999 Costa Rica Panama

    21. Epidendrum exiguum Ames & Schweinf. 1930 Costa Rica Panama

    22. Epidendrum hornitense Hágsater & L.Sánchez 2006 Panama

    23. Epidendrum lancilabium Schlechter 1923 Costa Rica Panama

    24. Epidendrum microcardium Schltr. 1923 Costa Rica Panama Epidendrum microdendron Rchb.f. 1866 Costa Rica Panama

    25. Epidendrum mixtoides Hágsater & Dodson 1993 Ecuador

    26. Epidendrum monophlebium Hágsater 1999 Costa Rica

    27. Epidendrum nutantirhachis Ames & Schweinf. 1930 Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador

    28. Epidendrum orthodontum Hágsater & L.Sánchez 1999 Costa Rica Panama

    29. Epidendrum oxyglossum Schltr. 1923 Costa Rica

    30. Epidendrum platystomoides Hágsater & L.Sánchez 2006 Costa Rica

    31. Epidendrum platystomum Hágsater & L.Sánchez 2006 Panama

    32. Epidendrum ramossissimum Amers & Schweinf. 1930 Costa Rica

    33. Epidendrum rugosum Ames 1923 Costa Rica

    34. Epidendrum sanchoi Ames 1923 Costa Rica Panama

    35. Epidendrum sutturatum Hagsater & Dressler 1993 Panama

    36. Epidendrum trachythece Schltr. 1907 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Panama

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