Epidendrum ramosum Jacq. 1760 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Ramosum

Plant and Flowers Photos by © Alejandro Sanchez and his Nature Photography website

Common Name The Branched Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in cloud forests at elevations of 50 to 2500 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or terrestrial with a subterete, branching stem enveloped by close fitting, somewhat compressed, leafless and leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying thick, rigid, asymetrical apically leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on a terminal, short, few flowered inflorescence enveloped completely by somewhat inflated floral bracts.

Known by its .6" [1.5 cm] wide leaves and green flowers with a .26 x .18" [6.5 to 4.5 mm] lip. Differs from E pseudoramosum as it has laterally compressed stems, 2 to 3 greenish white to yellow flowers with obtuse segments, E ramosum in contrast has cylindrical stems, its 3 to 6, green to yellow green flowers with acute segments.

Synonyms Epidendrum imbricatum var. angustifolium Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum modestiflorum Schltr. 1923; Epidendrum ramosum House 1906; Epidendrum ramosum var. angustifolium (Cogn.) L.O.Williams 1941; Epidendrum ramosum var. lineare Stehlé 1939; Epidendrum rigidum Lodd. 1829; Epidendrum sellowii Rchb.f. 1850; Epidendrum zanonii Dod 1993; Isochilus ramosus (Jacq.) Spreng. 1826; Spathiger ramosus (Jacq.) Britton 1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as E ramosum var lanceolatum; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 72 Schlechter 1919; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 213. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E modestiflorum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 217. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27:136 Colombia Schlechter 1924 ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as E ramosum var linearis; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as E ramosum var lanceolatum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; Flora De Venezuela, Volumen XV Parte 3 Foldats 1970 drawing good; Die Orchideen lieferung 1 Schlecter/Brieger 1970 photo plant only; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 76 Dodson 1980; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 83 Dodson 1980; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 93 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 720 Hamer 1982 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 722 Hamer 1982 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 730 Hamer 1982 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 741 Hamer 1982 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 809 Hamer 1983 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 810 Hamer 1983 see observations; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1219 Hamer 1985 see observations; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1324 Atwood 1989 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1326 Atwood 1989 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0228 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 026 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 032 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 036 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 042 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 see recognition section; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1523 Atwood 1993 see notes; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1523 Atwood 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 140 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 159 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 160 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 190 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 250 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 301 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 309 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 3014 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 315 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 316 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 331 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 340 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 367 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 368 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 372 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 397 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 415 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 425 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 5&6 Plate 580 Hagsater 2002 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 5&6 Plate 581 Hagsater 2002 drawing fide; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as E modestiflorum; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 840 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 841 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 872 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 873 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 9 Plate 907 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 919 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 922 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 923 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 942 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 944 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 951 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 953 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 957 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 966 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 969 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 975 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 977 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 978 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 981 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 994 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1123 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1127 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1142 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1143 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1144 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as E modestiflorum drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1169 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1176 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1183 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1188 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1195 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1200 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing/photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 photo drawing/photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014

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