Epidendrum refractoides C.Schweinf. 1943 GROUP Refractoides Photo by © Eddy Cervantes Zavala

Another Flower used as type Photo by © Erica Moron de Abad

Common Name The Bentback Epidendrum [refers to the inflorescence]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Peru on the upper slopes of the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes in elfin forest of Polylepis sp., and “pajonal” with bushes and rocks, and riverside forest, on slopes at elevations of 2500 to 3600 meters as a medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with simple, canelike, laterally compressed, erect stems with 3 basal, non-foliaceous, scarious, imbricating sheaths and carrying 6 to 9, sub-erect with respect to the stem, alternate, articulate, coriaceous, somewhat conduplicate at the base, widely elliptic, apex rounded and short-bilobed, with a minute dorsal apicule, margin crenulate leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, paniculate, sub-erect, slightly arching, lax-flowered, much surpassing the apical leaf; peduncle 5-12 cm long, wide, laterally compressed, ancipitose; rachis 5.5-6 cm long, with 3 short, lax, few-flowered branches 4-5.8 cm long, each arising from a bract similar to the spathaceous bract but progressively smaller, [26 to 35 cm] long, successively many to to 30 flowered inflorescence with prominent, gradually much shorter towards the apex of the rachis, shorter than the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts.

Said by Kew to be a synonym of E odontospathum and may be but I keep them separate until Hagsater does a treatment of it. He makes no mention of a connection between this species and E odontospathum and puts E refractoides in a group by iself.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1478 Hagsater 2013 drawing/photo fide;