Epidendrum rotundifolium Hágsater & Dodsn 2001 GROUP Geminiflorum

TYPE Drawing by M Lopez R and The AMO Herbaria Website

Part Shade Cold LATERSpring Summer

Common Name The Round Leaf Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in the border area between Ecuador and Peru on the ranges west of the Cordillera Occidental of the Andes at elevations of 2700 to 3150 meters as a miniature sized, cold growing epiphyte with canelike, terete, forming long chains, newly arising from the intermediate internode of the previous stem carrying 2 to 3, aggregate towards the apex, of the stem, unequal, basal leaf much smaller than those above, rotund to elliptic-oblong, bilobed, subcoriaceous, margin entire, somewhat revolute leaves that blooms in the later spring to summer on a terminal, arising through 2, conduplicate, obovate, rounded, emarginate spathes, occurring only once, racemose, short, erect, peduncle completely enveloped by the spathes, simultaneously 2 to 4 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, narrowly triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, greenish yellow, brownish red or tomato red flowers.

"Epidendrum rotundifolium belongs to the GROUP Geminiflorum which is recognized by the sympodial habit, the ovate spathe and papillose excavated disc of the lip. This species is recognized by the rotund to elliptic-oblong leaves, 2 to 4 greenish yellow to fire-red flowers. Epidendrum megagastrium Lindl. has sepals .8" [20 mm] long, and the leaves up to .44" [11 mm] long, about three times longer than broad. Epidendrum polyanthogastrium has up to 8 flowers per inflorescence, the ovary only slightly inflated up to one third of its length, sepals .32 to .38" [8 to 9.5 mm] long, and the 4 to 6 leaves about three times longer than wide, and up to 1.64 x .52" [4.1 x 1.3 cm]. Epidendrum quisayanum Schltr. has bright purple flowers." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 470 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 482 Hagsater & Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 488 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1269 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1716 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1739 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition setion;