Epidendrum schistochilum Schltr. 1924 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum

Photo by Karremans and The SPECIES ORCHIDACEARUM - ICONES COLOMBIANAE Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Ecuador

Photos by Lourens Grobler

Part sunWarmCold Winter

Common Name The Split Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador at elevations of 900 to 2500 meters as a large to giant sized, warm to cold growing epiphytic or lithophytic orchid with erect, simple, cane-like leafy stems carrying distichous, alternate, to 12, all along the upper half of the stem, dark green, oblong-ligulate, obtuse, coriaceous leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, peduncle elongate, subcorymbose-abbreviate, racemose, to 24" {60 cm} long, densely, successively 12 to 16, many flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, white, non fragrant flowers.

"Epidendrum schistochilum is part of GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum Characterized by the caespitose habit, the numerous coriaceous leaves, the generally elongate peduncle to pluriracemose inflorescence with brightly colored flowers generally pollinated by hummingbirds, with the caudicles of the pollinarium granulose, and the tetrads appearing like a loose stack of roof tiles. The species is recognized by the large, erect plants, distichous leaves, numerous, successive, non-resupinate flowers. The flowers are snow white with a thick, triangular, three-lobed, orange callus in the middle of the three-lobed, fimbriate lip." Karremans 2018

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27: 73 Colombia Schlechter 1924; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 430 Dodson 1982; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 063 Dodson & Bennett 1989; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 0671 Dodson & Bennett 1989; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 647 Bennett & Christenson 2001; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 649 Bennett & Christenson 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 701 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1104 Hagsater and Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1105 Hagsater and Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1125 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1130 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1150 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1171 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E aff schistochilum drawing/photo good; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E cf schistochilum drawing/photo fide; The SPECIES ORCHIDACEARUM - ICONES COLOMBIANAE Website

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------