Epidendrum schistochilum Schltr. 1924

GROUP Schistochilum SUBGROUP Secundum Type

Plant and Flowers in situ Ecuador Photos courtesy of © Lourens Grobler

Part sunWarmCold Winter

Common Name The Split Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador at elevations of 900 to 2500 meters as a large to giant sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial orchid with erect, simple to somewhat branching, leafy stems carrying oblong-ligulate, obtuse, coriaceous, narrowing below into the elongate petiolate base leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, elongate, subcorymbose-abbreviate, racemose, densely many flowered inflorescence with linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:73 Schlechter 1924; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 430 Dodson 1982; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 063 Dodson & Bennett 1989; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 0671 Dodson & Bennett 1989; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 647 Bennett & Christenson 2001; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 649 Bennett & Christenson 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 701 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1104 Hagsater and Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1105 Hagsater and Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1125 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1130 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1150 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1171 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section;

GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum

  1. Epidendrum caquetanum Schltr. 1924 Colombia

  2. Epidendrum cochlidium Lindl. 1840 Ecuador and Peru

  3. Epidendrum gracilicaule Rchb.f. & Wars 1854

  4. Epidendrum macrocarpum Rich. 1792 Trinidad & Tobago, Surinam, French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

  5. Epidendrum portokalium Hagsater & Dodson 2004 Ecuador

  6. Epidendrum rauhii Hagsater 2004 Peru

  7. Epidendrum secundum Jacq. 1760 Puerto Rico, The Leewards, the Windwards, Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador?, Peru?, Bolivia and Brazil?

  8. Epidendrum thermophilum Hágsater & Dodson 1993 Ecuador

GROUP Schistochilum SUBGROUP Blepharistes

  1. Epidendrum blepharistes Barker ex Lindl. 1844 Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  2. Epidendrum polystachyum Kunth 1816 Ecuador and Peru

  3. Epidendrum pseudopolystachyum D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001 Peru

    GROUP Schistochilum SUBGROUP Calanthum COMPLEX Flexuosum

  4. Epidendrum apatotylosum Hagsater 2007 Costa Rica

  5. Epidendrum baumannianum Schltr. 1920 Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Colombia and Ecuador

  6. Epidendrum calanthum Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854 Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador

  7. Epidendrum flexuosum G. Mey. 1818

  8. Epidendrum hawkesii A.H.Heller 1966 Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama

  9. Epidendrum ibaguense H.B.K. 1816 Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia and northern Brazil

  10. Epidendrum imantophyllum Lindl. 1831 Mexico, Costa Rica, Panam, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Brazil, Paraguay and Peru

  11. Epidendrum odontopetalum Hagsater 2008 Bolivia

  12. Epidendrum radicans Pavon ex Lindley 1831 Puerto Rico, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela and Colombia

  13. Epidendrum revertianum (Stehlé) Hágsater 1993 Leewards, the Windwards and Guyana

GROUP Schistochilum SUBGROUP Elongatum

  1. Epidendrum acroscopeum Hagsater & Dodson 2006 Ecuador

  2. Epidendrum arachnoglossum Rchb.f ex Andre 1882 Colombia

  3. Epidendrum brachycorymbosum Hagsater & Dodson 2004 Ecuador

  4. Epidendrum corymbosum Ruiz & Pav 1798 Peru

  5. Epidendrum jamiesonis Rchb. f. 1856 Colombia Ecuador

  6. Epidendrum quitensium Rchb. f. 1862 Ecuador

GROUP Schistochilum SUBGROUP Secundum

  1. Epidendrum ackermanii Hágsater 2004 Puerto Rico

  2. Epidendrum catillus Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854 Colombia

  3. Epidendrum denticulatum Barb. Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  4. Epidendrum franckei Hagsater 2004 Peru

  5. Epidendrum igneum Hagsater 2004 Colombia

  6. Epidendrum imperator Hágsater. 2004 Colombia

  7. Epidendrum lacerum Lindley 1838 Eastern Cuba

  8. Epidendrum laurelense Hagsater & Dodson 2001 Ecuador

  9. Epidendrum macrocarpum [schomburgkia] Rich.1792 Trinidad & Tobago, Surinam, French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

  10. Epidendrum melinanthum Schltr. 1920 Colombia

  11. Epidendrum mimeticum Carnevali & G.A.Romero in G.A.Romero & G.Carnevali 2000 Venezuela

  12. Epidendrum mimopsis Hagsater & Dodson 2004 Ecuador

  13. Epidendrum ptochicum Hágsater 2006 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

  14. Epidendrum schistochilum Schltr. 1924 Colombia Ecuador

  15. Epidendrum vinosum Schltr. 1921 Ecuador Peru

  16. Epidendrum wrightii Lindl. 1858 Dominican Republic, Haiti and Cuba

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