Epidendrum sculptum Rchb.f. 1854 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Sculptum

Photo by © Steve Paton and Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute Webpage


Drawing by © Cogniaux and Wikipedia Webpage


TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

full shadeHotSpringTHROUGH Fall

Common Name The Carved Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Fr Guiana, Guyana, Surinam and Brazil in lowland forests near rivers at elevations around 300 to 400 meters as a small sized, pendant, hot growing epiphyte with pendant, branched, cane-like, flexuous, densely leafy, the main stem long, with leaves throughout, the secondary stems short, with 3 to 5 unequal leaves, produced, from both the main stem and from a sub-apical internode of a previous secondary stem, which may thus appear longer, as chains of secondary stems completely enveloped by leafless and leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying slightly recurved and undulate, green, truncate, oblong-elliptic, retuse to unequally bilobed apically, articulate to the clasping sheath below leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on a terminal, racemose, distichous, sessile, simultaneously 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence and 2 slightly shorter than the ovary, ovate, retuse, green floral bracts and carrying green to yellowish green flowers with the lip always towards the rachis and without fragrance.

"Epidendrum sculptum belongs to the GROUP Ramosum which is characterized by the monopodial, much branched stems, apical inflorescence, distichous flowers; and the SUBGROUP Sculptum which has pendent plants and undulate, somewhat reflexed leaves. The species is recognized by the somewhat flexuose, densely foliate stems, the slightly reflexed leaves, apical, usually 2 flowered inflorescence, the lip obovate-lanceolate, somewhat 3-lobed, the lateral lobes somewhat erose, and the mid-lobe somewhat more than half the total length of the lip. It is very similar to Epidendrum singuliflorum Schltr., which is endemic to Mexico and Guatemala, and has nonrecurved leaves, a one-flowered inflorescence and smaller floral segments, .32 to .48" [8-12 mm] long, the lip has entire margins, semi-orbicular lateral lobes and a triangular mid-lobe." Hagsater etal 2010

Synonyms Epidendrum biflorum Cogn. 1902; Epidendrum boissierianum Schltr. 1918; Epidendrum colonense Ames 1922; Epidendrum florijugum Barb.Rodr. 1877; Epidendrum sculptum var. arevaloi Schltr. 1924; Epidendrum sculptum var. linearifolium Rchb.f. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 40. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 27: 74 Colombia Schlechter 1924; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E boisserianum; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 810 Hamer 1983 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 486 Dodson 1989 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Inventaire Taxominique des Plantes de la Guyane Francaise Vol II Les Orchidaceaes Cremers and Hoff 1992; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1383 Hagsater 2010 drawing fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 as E florijugum drawing fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1443 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 photo drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo/drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 as E aff sculptum photo fide other than more than 3 flowers