Epidendrum sneidernii Hágsater & E.Santiago 2010 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Porphyreum

Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Partial shade Cold Summer

Common Name Sneidern's Epidendrum [Swedish Naturalist, former Director of Museo de Historia Natural de la Universidad de Cauca Colombia]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in southern Colombia on the Cordillera Central at elevations of 2000 to 2900 meters as a large sized, cold growing terrestrial with simple, laterally compressed stems basally enveloped by non-filiar, tubular sheaths and carrying 17 all alongthe stem, articulate, distichous, elliptic, short acuminate, margin entire leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, without a spathe, occuring only once, peduncle laterally compressed, 3.4" [8.5 cm] long, with 2 tubular, long, somewhat ancipitous, acuminate bracts, rachis terete, to 3.4" [8.5 cm] long, paniculate 2 to 4 branched, each somewhat spreading and subtended by a narrowly triangular, acuminate bract, simultaneously 35 flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, long acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers without color and fragrance data.

"Epidendrum sneidernii belongs to GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Porphyreum which is characterized by the caespitose habit, unbranched stems, apical, branched inflorescence, no true spathaceous bract, and the flowers with long, thin column, a 3-lobed lip with the midlobe generally bifid and divaricate, and filiform petals. The species is recognized by the few flowered inflorescence, with 2 to 4 short, spreading branches, sepals dorsally unornamented, .56 to .6" [14 to 15 mm] long, the ovary somewhat inflated apically, and the 3-lobed lip with the base deeply cordate, and a pair of prominent, horn-like calli. Epidendrum spathatum has a many-flowered inflorescence with the branches nearly parallel to the rachis; orange colored flowers, sepals dorsally pustulate, .4 to .48" [10 to 12 mm] long, the ovary not inflated, and the 3-lobed lip with the base cuneate. Epidendrum paniculatum has a dense, many, small-flowered inflorescence with sepals .36" [9 mm] long, the lip with small, rounded lateral lobes, the lip narrower between the lateral lobes, than between the lobes of the midlobe, and the calli small, sub-globose. Epidendrum x spathiporphyreum Hágsater & Dodson has a dense inflorescence with branches nearly parallel to the rachis, the sepals dorsally verrucose, .44" [11 mm] long, and the ovary not inflated." Hagsater etal 2010


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * cones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1385 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 drawing fide