Epidendrum strobiliferum Rchb. f. 1858 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Repens Photo by Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers Photos by Patricia Harding

Common Name The Pine Cone Epidendrum

Flower Size 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana and Venzuela as a miniature sized, caespitose, pendant to horizontal, hot to warm growing, reedstem epiphyte that occurs in low disturbed forests and open fields at elevations of sealevel to 900 meters with clustered, simple to branched stems enveloped by tubular, green-purple sheaths and carrying numerous, distichous, spreading, fleshy, elliptic to linear-lanceolate, acute, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, 1.4" [3.5 cm] long raceme with a few, small, successive opening flowers subtended by several large bracts that the flowers just barely clear.

Best mounted on tree fern or driftwood and given moderate shade and a somewhat drier winter rest.

Recognized by the erect to pendent plants with branching stems in maturity, producing apical branches, longer than the ovary floral bracts, 2 to 4 flowered inflorescence with green to yellowish white flowers with ovate-lanceolate sepals, oblong-lanceolate petals and an ovate-cordate to triangular-cordate, acute lip with finger-like calli.

Synonyms Epidendrum mosenii Barb. Rodr. 1881; Epidendrum rodriguesii Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum verrecundum Schltr. 1922; Isochilus ramosus H. Focke 1851; Spathiger strobiliferus (Rchb. f.) Small 1933

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 72 Schlechter 1919 as E strobiliforme; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Ames 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 42. Panama Schlechter 1922 as E verecundum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 35: 71 Schlechter 1925 as Epidendrum mosenii; The Genus Epideendrum Ames 1936; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1938 as Spathiger strobiliferum; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing good; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 Photos/drawing fide; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 733 Dodson 1982 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 740 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Inventaire Taxominique des Plantes de la Guyane Francaise Vol II Les Orchidaceaes Cremers and Hoff 1992; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela an Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Romero & Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 994 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller & Seehawer 2008 as E rodrigueesii drawing/Photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1169 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see Recognition; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1390 Hagsater & Santiago drawing fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo hmm; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 as E rodiguezii drawing/photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo/drawing good