Epidendrum tigriphyllum Hágsater 1999 GROUP Megalospathum SUBGROUP Tigriphyllum TYPE fro the Section

Plant and Flowers

Photos by © Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideologia and The Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideologia Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Cultivation Nature

Common Name The Tiger Striped Leaf Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Antioquia department of Colombia at elevations around 2500 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte with canelike, terete stems carrying numerous, all along the stem, all in the same plane, ovate-lanceolate, greyish green with irregular transverse maroon barred leaves that blooms in the winter [in cultivation] and spring on a terminal, from the mature stem, sessile, peduncle to .6" [1.5 cm] long, simultaenosuly 3 to 4 flowered inflorescence with very small floral bracts and carrying resupiante, grayish-green flowers with a somewhat tinged pink lip and a reddish tinged column and an apple green clinandrium.

E stanhopeanum, E obliquifolium, E escobarianum and E tigriphyllum all have the greyish green leaves with the transverse maroon bars which is uncommon within the Epidendrum.

"Epidendrum tigriphyllum GROUP Megalospathum SUBGROUP Tigriphyllum characterized by the caespitose but branching habit, many leafed stem, fleshy, oblique leaves a short few flowered racemose inflorescence subtended by a large semi-ovate spathe carrying a few resupinate flowers with the coulumn obliquely united to the lip, occasionally free. The species is closely related to Epidendrum stanhopeanum which has smaller, greenish flowers dotted with purple, the lip semicircular, deeply cordate, the margins finely dentate. Epidendrum miradoranum Dodson & Bennett is most similar but can be distinguished by the two small simple callus, orbicular, deeply cordate lip, the wider petals 2 vs .8" [5 vs 2 mm], the nectary not being narrowed at the middle of the column. Epidendrum escobarianum Garay has a cordate, narrowly acuminate lip deep red in color and a small nectary which does not form a vesicle behind the sepals. Epidendrum obliquifolium Ames, F. T. Hubb. & c. Schweinf. and Epidendrum plagiophyllum Hágsater have much smaller flowers. All plants except E. miradoranum and E. plagiophyllum have the leaves marked with transverse maroon bands." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 #912 as E sp photo fide; * Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 387 Hagsater & Salazar 1999 Drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1994 Errata; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 472 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 762 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 777 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1590 Hagsater & Sanchez 2016 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1811 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1824 2020 see recognition section