Epidendrum vinosum Schltr. 1921 GROUP Amphyglottis SUBGROUP Glossaspis

LCDP by © : E. Hágsater & A. Cisneros and Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1898 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021

Not this species so what?

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Schlechter

Common Name The Wine-Colored Epidendrum

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Loreto department of Peru on the eastern slope of the Andes from around Moyobamba, San Martín, Peru, to Napo provvince in Ecuador, in wet montane forest and on rocky slopes at elevations around 1000 to 2200 meters as a giant sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte or terrestrial with simple, leafy stem carrying in the upper half, erect-spreading, oblong, obtuse to obtuse-apiculate, coriaceous-fleshy leaves that blooms in the winter on an erect, thin, peduncle with 10 to 13 clasping rigid bracts, rachis short, densely 10 to 15 flowered inflorescence with spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, much shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying wine-colored flowers with a half white lip.

CAUTION!! The second photo above is not this species but I am not sure what it may be at this point. I need more research on this one, the first photo and the drawing by Schlechter is absolutely correct!

"Epidendrum vinosum belongs to the GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum which is recognized by the caespitose habit, simple stems, leaves oblong-lanceolate, coriaceous, bilobed, the elongate peduncle of the erect, racemose inflorescence, the flowers non-resupinate, and the callus simple, elongate, fleshy, sulcate towards the base. The species has fuchsia varying in intensity to red flowers, callus white, sepals .6 to .76" [15 to 19 mm] long, lateral sepals oblong, dorsal sepal and petals oblanceolate and wider near the obtuse apex, the lip 3-lobed , the lateral lobes small, semi-orbicular, reflexed, mid-lobe oblong, somewhat narrower towards the apex which is triangular to truncate, and the callus as wide as the base of the mid-lobe, sub-quadrate, the apex apiculate ending in a short, high keel, the margin crenate, with a pair of sub-globose somewhat elongate calli on the sides, atop the platform, beneath the adnate column wings. It is similar to Epidendrum acutilobum Hágsater & Uribe Vélez which has coral-red flowers with a large white callus on the lip, sepals .574 x .16 to .174" [14.4 x 4.0 to 4.4 mm], elliptic-oblanceolate, petals .68 x .12 to .128" [15.2 x 3.0 to 3.2 mm] long, elliptic-lanceolate, the massive callus prominent, formed by 3 unequal tubercules with a pair of digital, bilobed calli on the sides and the main central body truncate to acute, reaching the middle of the mid-lobe, margin crenate, and the lip mid-lobe has an entire margin. Epidendrum hookerianum Rchb.f. (basionym: Epidendrum attenuatum Lindl.) has 1" [25 mm] long tepals and a lip with 4 elongate lines forming the callus, lateral lip lobes semi-ovate, deeply fimbriate towards the apex of the interior margin, and the mid-lobe linearlanceolate, margin sub-dentate. Epidendrum glossaspis Rchb.f. has pink-purple flowers with a large white callus, sepals 1.04 to 1.32" [26 to 33 mm] long, petals straight, linear-triangular, .04" [1 mm] wide, and the lateral lobes of the lip approximately half as long as the whole lip, rhombic, acuminate. Epidendrum blepharoclinium Rchb.f. has pink-violet flowers with a white callus and the lateral lobes of the lip approximately half as long as the whole lip, sub-rhombic, acuminate. NOTE: The size of the plants is directly proportionate to the surrounding vegetation, the higher the bushes surrounding it the taller the plant, as the stem grows until it reaches full sunlight and then produces the peduncle of the inflorescence, so that the raceme of flowers is always in full sunlight. The epiphytic specimen Klug 0.20 is the shortest one with everything smaller. The taller plants cultivated on the ground at the Waqanki Lodge in Moyobamba are tall and large, as they are in half shade under trees." Hagsater etal 2021


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 9: 96 Peru Schlechter 1921; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 480 Schlechter 1929 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 748 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 452 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E aff vinosum photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum 16[1] Plate 1606 Hagsater & Santiago 2018 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 16(1) plate 1620 Hagsater etal 2018 in recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1775 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1849 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1855 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1898 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 LCDP photo/Photo fide