Habenaria pectinata D.Don 1825 SECTION Habenariae Photo by Pankaj Kumar

FragrantPart shadeWarm to Cool Spring THROUGHFall

Common Name The Comb-Like Habenaria [refers to the lip] - In China Jian Ye Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size .8 to 2" [2 to 5 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Pakistan, western Himalayas and Sikkim in forests at elevations around 900 to 3500 meters as a large sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a fusiform tuber giving rise to a leafy stem with tubular, imbricate sheaths and carrying 6 to 8, distant, narrowly lanceolate-ensiform to lanceolate, acute to acuminate, sessile leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on an erect, subdensely 7 to many flowered, glabrous, 2.4 to 8" [6 to 20- cm] long inflorescence with leafy, lanceolate, acuminate, 5 veined floral bracts and carrying fragrant flowers.

Many sources put this species together with H ensifolia and H intermedia but they are all quite differnt. H ensifolia is a much more robust and taller plant as well as much more common and H intermedia has a much longer spur and longer and more segments to the lip as well as being much more common. H pectinata is fairly rare and seldom encountered.

SynonymsHabenaria gerardiana Lindl. 1832; Kryptostoma pectinatum (D.Don) Olszewski & Szlach. 2000; Ochyrorchis pectinata (D.Don) Szlach. 2004; *Orchis pectinata Sm.1806

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as H ensifolia; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as H ensifolia; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as H marginata; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as H ensifolia; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok

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