Habenaria reniformis (D.Don) Hook.f. 1890 SECTION Diphyllae Kraenzl

Photo by Tripetch P. and the Thai Nature Website

Plant in situ Thailand Photo by Mr S and Han Loa Vietnam Website

Drawing Drawing by Seidenfaden

partial shade Hot Warm Summer EARLYfall

Common Name The Kidney Shaped Habenaria [refers to the leaf shape]- In China Shen Ye Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in south China, Assam, India, Nepal, Thailand, Sumatra, Cambodia and Vietnam in grassy areas within forests at elevations of 150 to 825 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial with globose, fleshy tubers giving rise to an erect, rather slender stem carrying 1 to 2, basal, almost horizontally spreading, orbicular, ovate-cordate to broadly ovate-orbicular, fleshy, often cordate basally, amplexicaul, obtuse apically leaves and grading to 3 to 4, bract-like leaves above that blooms in the summer and early fall on an erect, glabrous then pubescent above, 2.8 to 4" [7 to 10 cm] long, racemose, many flowered inflorescence with a 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm] long rachis carrying lanceolate, acuminate, much shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

CAUTION I am not at all convinced that the photo determination is correct so please use with caution!!!!

This species, H humidicola, H porphyricola, H humistrata, H siamensis and H poilanei form a group of similar and possibly conspecific species and need more study to see if they can maintain their species status.

Synonyms Aopla reniformis (D.Don) Lindl. 1835; Habenaria clovisii Gagnep. 1931; Herminium reniforme (D.Don) Lindl. ex Wall. 1832; *Listera reniformis D.Don 1825; Neottia reniformis (D.Don) Spreng. 1826;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flore Generale de Indo-Chine Volume 6 Gagnepain 1934 as Habenaria clovisii; Tidsskrift bd 68 hft 1 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand V Seidedenfaden 1973 as H clovisii drawing good; Contributions to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975 as H clovisii; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976; The Genera of Orchidceae in Hong Kong Hu 1977; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing ok?; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan Illustrations 2010 drawing fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing good; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide;