!Lycaste macrophylla (Poepp. & Endl.) Lindl. 1842 SECTION Lycaste Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl, plant grown by JEM Orchids

FragrancePart shadeCoolTo HotSummer To Fall

Common Name The Large Leaf Lycaste

Flower Size to 4 1/2" [ to 11 cm]

A medium to large sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial species, highly variable in flower color and plant size, that is found from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela at elevations of 400 to 2400 meters in wet montane forests with ovoid-oblong to broadly ellipsoid, complanate, sulcate, obtusely angled, pseudobulbs subtended by a few, imbricating leaf sheaths and after leaf fall has no apical teeth, carrying 2 to 3, non-deciduous, large elliptic, attenuate to channeled petiol, acuminate above, plicate leaves that blooms on a succession of erect, many [5] at once, basal, to 7" [17.4 cm] long, inflorescence that has inflated papery bracts, arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb and flowering successively over several months occurring in the summer and fall with fragrant, waxy, color variable flowers held below the leaves.

This species heads up the Lycaste macrophylla complex consisting of the species L dowiana, L fuscina, L guatemalensis, L leucantha, L macrophylla, L measuresiana, L panamensis, L puntarenasensis, L x sanderae, L viridescens, L xanthocheila, L xytriophora,

Synonyms Lycaste filomenoi Schltr. 1921; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. desboisiana (Cogn.) Fowlie 1964; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. filomenoi (Schltr.) Fowlie 1964; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. neglecta (Schltr.) Fowlie 1970; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. panamanensis Fowlie 1964 ; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. plana (Lindl.) Fowlie 1964; Lycaste macrophylla subsp. viridescens Oakeley 1991; Lycaste macrophylla var alba Oakley 2008; Lycaste macrophylla var. desboisiana Cogn. 1897; Lycaste macrophylla var. measuresianum Sander 1901; Lycaste macrophylla var. plana (Lindl.) Oakeley 2007; Lycaste neglecta Schltr. 1929; Lycaste plana Lindl. 1842; *Maxillaria macrophylla Poepp. & Endl. 1836; Maxillaria phyllomega Steud. 1841

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as L planadrawing good; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as L filomenoi; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as L macrophylla var desboisiana; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as L macrophylla measuresiana; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Genus Lycaste Fowlie 1970; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum 830 Dodson 1983 as L macrophylla var desboisiana drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 photo Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 936 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0348 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 1991 photo ; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 079 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing good; Die Orchideen lieferung 29 Schlechter/Brieger 1994 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 3 1997 photo; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 11 1998 photo; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 COS 2002 drawing fide; ; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 COS 2002 as L plana photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol71-74 Oakley 2007; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 2 2008 photo; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide