Masdevallia civilis Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1854 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Coriaceae SUBSECTION Coriaceae [Rchb.f] Veitch 1889

Another Flower? Photo courtesy of Antoine Hendrickx

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Fluer Malcolm

and

Common Name The Stately Masdevallia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

A mini-miniature sized, cold growing, tufted epiphyte, terrestrial or lithophyte from Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru where it is found in cloud forests around limestone on grass covered slopes, soil covered rocks or in loamy soil with full exposure to the sun at elevations of 2000 to 3000 meters with terete ramicauls with a single, apical, linear, fleshy, channeled, obtuse, leaf that blooms with highly fragrant, solitary flowers on a slender, erect to arcuate, 4" [10 cm] long inflorescence that occurs in the spring and summer and hold the single, fleshy flowers below the leaves. The distinguishing features of this species are the short inflorescence holding the flowers among the leaves, the urecolate floral tube and the cordate labellum base.

Synonyms Byrsella civilis (Rchb.f. & Warsz.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia aequiloba Regel 1860; Masdevallia sulphurea Kraenzl. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 not = M macroglossa; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = M macroglossa; Orquideologia Vol 16 No 1 1983 drawing as M fragrans; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 as Masdevallia fragrans; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 as Masdevallia macroglossa; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 100 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 291 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 Vol 7 1996; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXI Systematics of Masdevallia Part 2 Luer 2000 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Byrsella civilis; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide;

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