Masdevallia chontalensis Rchb. f. 1878 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Minutae Rchb.f Ex Woolw. 1896 Photo by Eric Hunt

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch


Common Name Chontal Masdevallia [Nicaragua county]

Flower Size 1/4" [7.5 mm]

Found from Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and only Ecuador in South America in premontane and lower montane cloud forest high in the canopies of trees at elevations of 500 to 2000 meters as such is a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing orchid with a short, erect, slender ramicaul enveloped basally by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheaths carrying a single, erect, subcoriaceous, narrow, linear-obovate leaf that narrrows below the middle into the subpetiolate base which blooms in the spring with a slender, erect, 1 3/4" [4.5 cm] long inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a bract below the middle and 2 thin, imbricating floral bracts carrying 2 simultaneous flowers held higher than the leaves .

Synonyms Acinopetala chontalensis (Rchb. f.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia diantha Schlechter 1918

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Otia Bot. Hamburg. 1: 17. Rchb.f 1878; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 14. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as M diantha; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 92. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as M diantha; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 169. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as M diantha; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 9 1959 photo; Thesarus Masdevalliarum Vol 1 Luer & Treschslin 1983 watercolor fide; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1037 Dodson 1984 drawing ok; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1546 Atwood 1993 drawing ok; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Acinopetala chontalensis; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide;