Masdevallia coccinea Linden ex Lindl. 1846 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Masdevallia SUBSECTION Coccineae Veitch 1889

Flower CLoseup Photos by © Jay Pfahl

Specimen Plant Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright © 2002 All rights reserved.

Alba Form

M. coccinea var porcelana

Orange Form

Yellow FormPhotos by © Jay Pfahl

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Common Name The Scarlet Masdevallia

Flower Size 1 1/2 to 3" [3.5 to 7.5 cm]

Found in Colombia and Peru as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial on sides of rocky cliffs with erect leaves that is found at elevations of 2400 to 3000 meters and blooms in the spring with short ramicauls enveloped by 2 to 3 close, tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, oblong-lanceolate to spathulate, petiolate, rounded and minutely tridentate apically leaf that blooms in the later spring and summer on a slender, erect, to 12" [30 cm] long, slightly flexous, single flowered, inflorescence with a spotted bract at each node and the waxy, variable sized flowers held higher than the leaves.

Synonyms Masdevallia coccinea var. harryana (Rchb.f.) A.H.Kent 1889; Masdevallia denisoniana T.Moore 1874; Masdevallia denisonii Dombrain 1872; Masdevallia harryana Rchb. f. 1871; Masdevallia harryana var. atrosanguinea B.S.Williams & T.Moore 1884; Masdevallia harryana var. decora B.S.Williams 1889; Masdevallia harryana var. miniata B.S.Williams & T.Moore 1884; Masdevallia lindenii André 1870; Masdevallia lindenii var. grandiflora L.Linden & Rodigas 1885; Masdevallia lindenii var. harryana (Rchb.f.) André 1873; Masdevallia militaris Rchb.f 1854; Masdevallia venusta Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as M militaris; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 7 1958 drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as M militaris; Die Orchideen #7 25-28 tafel 8 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 9 1982 photo as M coccinea var alba; Orquideologia VOl 16 No 1 1983; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 1 Luer 1986; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986 as Masdevallia venusta; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 4 1994 as M xanthina photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 66 No 9 1997 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 67 No 1 1998 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 9 1999 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 4 2000 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 12 No 6 2000 photo; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXV Systematics of Masdevallia Part Five 2005 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 4 2006; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 3 2008; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 4 2008 photo

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