Masdevallia reichenbachiana Endres 1875 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Reichenbachianae Woolw. 1896

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Common Name Reichenbach's Masdevallia [German Orchidologist 1800's]

Flower Size to almost 3" [to almost 7.5 cm]

This miniature sized, cool to cold growing, epiphytic species was collected in Costa Rica where it is endemic in dense, wet, cloud forests, low on mossy tree trunks, at altitudes of 1500 to 2200 meters with cylindric, 1/2 to 1" long stems enveloped by 2 to 3 thin, tubular bracts carrying a single, apical, fleshy, oblanceolate, coriaceous, keeled below, minutely tridentate apically leaf that blooms in spring and summer with a slender, erect, 7 to 8" [17.5 to 20 cm] long, terete, bright green inflorescence with an ovate, apiculate bract that carries 1 to 3, spreading flowers opening in succession and held above leaf height.

This species is similar to M schroederiana but differs in having shorter tails and a less curved column. This species and M rolfeana can also be confused but this species does not have maroon flowers.

Synonyms Masdevallia funebris Endres ex Kraenzl. 1921; Masdevallia normanii Hort. 1881; Masdevallia reichenbachiana var. aurantiaca Rchb.f. 1883; Masdevallia reichenbachiana var. funebris (Endres ex Kraenzl.) Kraenzl. 1925; Reichantha reichenbachiana (Endrés ex Rchb.f.) Luer 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 93. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo fide; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1455 Atwood 1993 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1455a Atwood 1993 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXI Systematics of Masdevallia Part 2 Luer 2000 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #8 2015 drawing fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide

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