Masdevallia sprucei Rchb. f. 1878 SUBGENUS Polyantha SECTION Alaticaules SUBSECTION Alaticaules [Krzl.] Luer 1986 Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt

Another Flower Photo courtesy of CJ Maciejeski

Plant and Flower Photo courtesy of Kathy Gargis Olsen


Common Name Spruce's Masdevallia [English Orchid Collector 1800's]

Flower Size 2/5" [2 cm]

Found as a mini-miniature sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru at elevations of 100 to 900 meters in low, tropical and wet, montane forests with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, elliptical, obtuse leaf and flowers in the late fall through earlier summer on a slender, 2 3/4" [7 cm] long, succesively [3 to 4], single flowered, triquetrous inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a bract near the base and thin, tubular floral bracts holding the flowers just at leaf height.

Synonyms Alaticaulia sprucei (Rchb.f.) Luer, 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 3 Foldats 1970; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 as M peruviana drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as M peruviana drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 288 Bennett & Christenson 1995; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XIX Systematics of Masdevallia Part 1 Luer 2000 drwaing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXV Systematics of Masdevallia Part Five Luer 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Alaticaulia sprucei; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide