Masdevallia ensata Rchb. f. 1849 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Masdevallia SUBSECTION Masdevallia

Another Color Form Photos by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Plant and Flower in situ Ecuador

Common Name The Sword-Shaped Masdevallia [refers to the leaves]

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia and Peru at elevations of 2400 to 3200 meters in wet forests as a miniature to small sized, cold growing epiphyte with erect, slender, ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, long-petiolate, elliptical, subacute to obtuse leaf that is cuneate below into the slender petiole and blooms in the spring and summer on an erect, slender, 2 3/4 to 3 5/8" [7 to 9 cm] long inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul carrying a single flower held at or just below leaf height. It differs from others in having creamy, white sepals striped in red or purple, a cylindrical sepaline tube that is longer and has deeply connate sepals, and by a short process at the base of the petals, a deeply incised base of the lip and a slender, 2 mm long, extension of the column foot.

Synonyms Masdevallia xiphium Rchb.f ex Kraenzl. 1925

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 5 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide