Masdevallia livingstoneana Rchb. f. 1874 SUBGENUS Masdevallia SECTION Minutae Rchb.f Ex Woolw. 1896

Inflorescence Photos by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website.

Plant and Flower

Photos by Dale and Deni Borders.

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Common Name Livingstone's Masdevallia [Scottish explorer in Africa 1800's - Found By Stanley, as in "Dr Livingstone I presume"]

Flower Size 3/5" [1.5 cm]

This is a mini-miniature sized, warmth loving, epiphytic Masdevallia that also likes a humid environment and is found at altitudes below 1000 meters in Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3, close, tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptical to obovate, obtuse to rounded apically leaf that gradually narrows into an indistinct petiolate base and blooms in the winter and spring on a suberect to erect, slender, 1 3/5" to 2 2/5" [4 to 6 cm] long inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with a tubular bract above the middle, a tubular floral bract and a successively single, showy, sweetly fragrant flower held below leaf height.

Synonyms Acinopetala livingstoneana (Roezl ex Rchb. f.) Luer 2006; Masdevallia panamensis (Schltr.) Ames 1923; Scaphosepalum panamense Schltr. 1913

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 15. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 1 1999 photo; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXII Systematics of Masdevallia Part 3 Luer 2001 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Acinopetala livingstoneana ; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXIX Luer 2007 as Acinopetala livingstoneana; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 4 2008 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 80 #2 2016;