Maxillaria aurea [Poepp. & Endl.] L.O.Wms. 1945 sect. Ornithidium [Salisb.] Christenson 2013 font color=red> Photo by J P Janovec and The Atrium Website

Drawing of M gigantea ssp condorensis Drawing by Alcantara, Bennett & Christenson

Part Shade Cold Winter

Common Name The Golden Maxillaria

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in very wet windswept mesas with elfin forests at elevations around 2200 meters as a large, robust, cold growing, pseudomonopodial without pseudobulbs with a stem enveloped completely by imbricating, distichous sheaths carrying linear-lorate, basally channeled, apicall long tapering into a sharp point leaves that blooms at least in the winter but more likely more often, on several per axil, 2 to 4 flowered inflorescence concealed a the base by several long, scarious bracts and carrying yellow flowers

Notice the apice of the petals which are clawed, this is the major defining factor in the difference between this species and M cordyline [AKA M gigantea].

See also M cordyline [AKA M gigantea] as it has been confused with this species for at least 100 years

Synonyms Camaridium aureum (Poepp. & Endl.) Hoehne 1952; Maxillaria gigantea subsp. condorensis D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1998; Neourbania aurea (Poepp. & Endl.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012; *Ornithidium aureum Poepp. & Endl. 1836; Ornithidium bolivianum Schlechter 1929;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Camaridium aureum; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 as M aurea drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 as Maxillaria aurea drawing ok; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Camaridium aureum photo plant only; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as M aurea drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 394 Dodson 1980 as Maxillaria aurea drawing ok; Die Orchideen lieferung 28 Schlechter/Brieger 1993 as Ornithidium aureum drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 505 Bennett & Christenson 1998 as M gigantea var condorensis drawing fide; Maxillaria An Unfinished Monograph Chrostenson 2013 drawing fide;