Epidendrum centropetalum Rchb.f. 1852 GROUP Oerstedella SUBGROUP Centropetalum Photo by © Orchi and The Wikimedia Website.

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Comparison of E abberans to the left and E centropetalum to the right Photos by © Hotsu and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website and Orchi and The Wikimedia Website

LATEand EARLY

Common Name The Spur-Like Gland Epidendrum

Flower Size less than 1 1/2"

Native to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in wet lower montane evergreen to semi-deciduous forests from elevations of 1200 to 1500 meters in full to partial sun as a small to medium sized, cool growing orchid with delicate stems that can produce plantlets all along up and down with linear-lanceolate, shiny leaves that has a wet, dry growing pattern that require high humidity and water throughout the year but less when mature and will bloom on a terminal, few to many flowered inflorescence occuring in the late winter, spring and early summer. It can be easily found in fruit trees near habitation

Very similar to E Abberans but this it differs mostly in the elongate lateral lobes of the lip, the rostellum perpendicular to the column and fragrant flowers which in C centropetalum are much shorter and not as wide spreading as the apical lobes, the rostellum is parellel to the column and the flowers have no scent.

Synonyms Epidendrum centradenia Rchb.f. 1865; Epidendrum leprosum Schltr. 1923; Epidendrum tenuiflorum Schltr. 1906; Oerstedella centradenia [Rchb.f]Rchb.f 1852; Oerstedella centropetala (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f 1852; Oerstedella tenuiflora Hágsater 1981

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin)10(42): 732. 1852; *Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 10(53): 932. 1852; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as O centradenia drawing; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as O centropetala drawing; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 41. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Epidendrum tenuiflorum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 35. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum centradenia; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 45. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E tenuiflorum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 129. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E tenuiflorum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 210. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E centradenia; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 210. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum centradenia; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum centropetalum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Epidendrum centradenium; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Oerstedella centradenia drawing/photo hmm; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977 as Epidendrum centradenia; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Oerstedella centropetala drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 892 Dodson 1982 as Oerstedella centradenia drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1457 Dodson 1992 as Oerstedella centradenia drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1458 Dodson 1992 as Oerstedella centropetala drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids Of Costa rica and Panama Dressler 1993 as Oerstedella centradenia ; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 1 1994 photo as Oerstedella centradenia; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 8 1995 as Oerstedella centradenia photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 6 1996 as Oerstedella centradenia photo; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1997 as Oerstedella centradenia drawing/photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 5 1999 as Oerstedella centradenia photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as Oerstedella centradenia photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as Oerstedella centropetala; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 as Oerstedella centradenia photo; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 817 Hagsater 2006 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 825 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 867 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 993 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide;

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