Epidendrum verrucosum Sw. 1806 GROUP Oerstedella SUBGROUP Verrucosum Photo by © Lourens Grobler


Common Name The Warty Epidendrum [refers to the warty sheaths on the stem]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found from southern Mexico south to Nicaragua as well as Cuba and Jammaica in lower montane rainforests at elevations of 600 to 2600 meters as a miniature sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial with rigid, simple, cane-like, terete stems enveloped by warty, leafless sheaths below and carrying on the apical half, distichous, articulate, erect-spreading, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, acuminate apically leaves that blooms in the late spring through fall on a terminal, paniculate, rarely racemose, erect, slightly flexuous rachis, many flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate, gradually shorter floral bracts and carrying 20 to 50 simultaneous opening flowers.

Synonyms Amphiglottis verrucosa (Sw.) Acuña 1939; Epidendrum verrucosum var. hansenii C.D.Adams 1966; Epidendrum verrucosum var. majus R.Warner 1862; Oerstedella hansenii (C.D.Adams) Nir 2000; Oerstedella verrucosa (Sw.) Hágsater 1981; Oerstedella verrucosa var. hansenii (C.D.Adams) Nir 1994

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Catalogo Descriptivo de las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1938 as Amphiglottis verrucosa; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Oerstedella verrucosa drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 894 Dodson 1983 as Oerstedella verrucosa drawing fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 856 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 866 Hagsater 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 897 Hagsater 2006 drawing fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide;