Pleurothallis dracontea Luer 1981 SUBGENUS Dracontia SECTION Dracontia Luer 1986

Photo by Daniel Jimenez.

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Carl Luer

Full shade Cool Spring Fall

Common Name The Dragon-Like Pleurothallis [refers to the hairy gaping flowers with a warty upturned tongue]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Herida province of Costa Rica at elevations around 2000 to 2100 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool growing, caespitose epiphyte with slender, erect ramicauls enveloped below the middle by a, thin, tubular sheath and 2 shorter sheaths below and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, erect, elliptical, acute to subacute, sessile, cuneate below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the spring and fall on an erect, arising through a slender spathe at the apex of the ramicaul, slender, 2.4 to 3.2" [6 to 8 cm] long, distantly, successively 1 to 3, several flowered inflorescence with somewhat shorter than the pedicel floral bracts.

Related to P pachyglossa but is distimguished by the log-pubescent interior , by the petals with a long-tuberculate exterior and bicarinte interior ans by a small, verrucose lip with a narrow upturned apex." Luer 1981

Synonyms Dracontia dracontea (Luer) Luer 2004; Dracontia perennis (Luer) Luer 2004; Pleurothallis perennis Luer 1996; Stelis dracontea (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Stelis perennis (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Phytologia 49(3): 204 Luer 1981;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986 drawing fide;

Lindleyana 11(2): 86, f. 22. Luer 1996 as P perennis Drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XVII Systematics of Pleurothallis Section Abortivae, Truncatae, Subsection Acroniae, Subgenera Dracontia and Uncifera Luer 1998

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XVII Systematics of Pleurothallis Section Abortivae, Truncatae, Subsection Acroniae, Subgenera Dracontia and Uncifera Luer 1998 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XVII Systematics of Pleurothallis Section Abortivae, Truncatae, Subsection Acroniae, Subgenera Dracontia and Uncifera Luer 1998 as P perennis

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XVII Systematics of Pleurothallis Section Abortivae, Truncatae, Subsection Acroniae, Subgenera Dracontia and Uncifera Luer 1998 as P perennis drawing fide;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:262 Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001 as Stelis dracontea;

Lindleyana 16(4): 267 Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001 as Stelis perennis;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as P perennis;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Dracontia dracontea;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004as Dracontia perennis;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #9 2011 as Dracontia dracontea photo fide;

Systematic Botany, 38(2): pp. 307315 A Note on Genus Dracontia (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), with a New Species Adam P. Karremans and Chris Smith-Martin 2012 as Dracontia dracontea drawing/photo fide;

Systematic Botany, 38(2): pp. 307315 A Note on Genus Dracontia (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), with a New Species Adam P. Karremans and Chris Smith-Martin 2012 as Dracontia perrinis as syn of P dracontea drawing/photo fide;

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