Pleurothallis lanceana Lodd. 1831 SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Brachystachyae Lindley 1859 Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Another Clone? Much longer petals Photo by Lourens Grobler

Full ShadeWarm to Winter through LATESummer

Common Name Lance's Pleurothallis [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800's]

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

Found from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela as well as Trinidad as a miniature, creeping or caespitose, hot to warm growing epiphyte that occurs in montane rain forest and evergreen forests at elevations of 0 to 2100 meters with a terete ramicaul with a single, apical, elliptic, obtuse, apiculate, thicker along the midrib, thickly coriaceous, gradually narrows below into the channeled petiole leaf and blooms on an apical, 4.5 to 5" [9 to 11 cm] long, pendulous, racemose, several flowered inflorescence with small, ovate-triangular, acuminate floral bracts that holds the flowers at mid-leaf or at leaf length and open in succession, all occuring in the winter through late summer.

Synonyms Acianthera lanceana (G.Lodd.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Humboldtia crassifolia (H.Focke) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia lanceana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia crassifolia (Focke) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia lanceana (Lodd.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis crassifolia Focke 1849; Pleurothallis huebneri Schltr. 1925

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing hmm; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 238 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 2 Luer 1986; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 161 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Acianthera lanceana; Australian Orchid Review Vol 68 No 5 2003 photo; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 drawing good; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 2005 as Acianthera lanceana photos fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Acianthera lanceana

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