SUBGENUS Acianthera [Scheidw.] Luer 1986

Synonyms SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Brachystachyae Lindley 1859; SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Sicariae SUBSECTION Pectinatae Luer 1986; SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Sicariae SUBSECTION Sicariae Luer 1986; SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Tomentosae Luer 1986; SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Tricarinatae Luer 1986

Characterized by the slender to stout, long or short, terete or compessed ramicaul and a sessile leaf. The habit is repent or caespitose. The inflorescence, long or short, is usually simultaneously flowered or single flowered, and emerges terminally at the apex of the ramicaul. The sepals are more or less fleshy and commonly pubescent or verrucose. The dorsal sepal is usually connate only at the base to the lateral sepals which are connate into a synsepal. The petals are small and denticulate to some degree. The lip is thick, oblong, bicallous, with lateral lobes or angles below the middle and a truncate base that is often minutely lobulate at each corner. The column is terete, often winged with the anther and stigma ventral.

  1. Pleurothallis aculeata Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  2. Pleurothallis acuminatipetala A.Samp. 1916 Brazil

  3. Pleurothallis adamantinensis Brade 1939 Brazil

  4. Pleurothallis adeodata [P. Ortiz, O. Pérez & E. Parra] comb novo Pfahl 2012 Colombia

  5. Pleurothallis aechme Luer 1976 Ecuador

  6. Pleurothallis agathophylla Rchb.f. 1881 Peru Bolivia and Brazil

  7. Pleurothallis alborosea (Kraenzl.) Porto & Brade 1935 Brazil

  8. Pleurothallis alligatorifera Rchb. f. 1865 Brazil

  9. Pleurothallis amaralii Pabst 1976 Brazil

  10. Pleurothallis amsleri [Rykacz., Driessen & Kolan.] in ed. Brazil

  11. Pleurothallis angustifolia Lindl. 1836 Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize and Mexico

  12. Pleurothallis angustisepala Ames & Correll 1942 Mexico, Belize and Guatemala

  13. Pleurothallis antennata Garay 1953 Brazil

  14. Pleurothallis aphthosa Lindl.1838 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay

  15. Pleurothallis atrata [Chiron & Xim.Bols.] in ed. Brazil

  16. Pleurothallis atroglossa Loefgr. 1918 Brazil

  17. Pleurothallis aurantiaca Barb.Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  18. Pleurothallis aurantiolateritia Speg. 1916 Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina

  19. Pleurothallis aveniformis Hoehne 1950 Brazil

  20. Pleurothallis barthelemyi Luer 1994 publ. 1995 French Guiana

  21. Pleurothallis bicarinata Lindl. 1939 Brazil

  22. Pleurothallis biceps Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  23. Pleurothallis bicornuta (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896 Brazil

  24. Pleurothallis bidentata Lindl. 1835 Rio de Janiero Brazil

  25. Pleurothallis bidentula Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  26. Pleurothallis binotii Regel 1880 Brazil

  27. Pleurothallis bissei Luer 1999 Cuba

  28. Pleurothallis bohnkiana [Campacci & Baptista] comb novo Pfahl 2012 Braxzil

  29. Pleurothallis boliviana Rchb.f. 1855 Bolivia

  30. Pleurothallis breedlovei [Soto Arenas, Solano and Salazar] in ed Mexico

  31. Pleurothallis breviflora Lindl. 1841 Mexico

  32. Pleurothallis bryonii [Luer]in ed. Ecuador

  33. Pleurothallis cabiriae [Pupulin, G.A.Rojas & J.D.Zuñiga] in ed. Costa Rica

  34. Pleurothallis calopedilon Toscano & Luer] in ed. Brazil

  35. Pleurothallis calypso Luer 1980 Ecuador and Peru

  36. Pleurothallis capanemae Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  37. Pleurothallis caparaoensis Brade 1943 Brazil

  38. Pleurothallis carinata C.Schweinf. 1951 Peru

  39. Pleurothallis casapensis Lindl. 1842 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela

  40. Pleurothallis catharinensis Cogn. 1896 Brazil

  41. Pleurothallis catujiensis [Campacci & Silva] in ed. Brazil

  42. Pleurothallis cephalopodiglossa [Toscanp & Luer] in ed. Brazil

  43. Pleurothallis cerberus Luer & R.Vásquez 1980 Bolivia

  44. Pleurothallis chamelopoda Luer 1996 Colombia

  45. Pleurothallis chamensis Lindl. 1846 Venezuela and Colombia

  46. Pleurothallis chionopa Luer 1980 Colombia and Ecuador

  47. Pleurothallis chrysantha Lindl. 1859 Mexico

  48. Pleurothallis ciliata Knowles ex Westc.1837 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern Brazil

  49. Pleurothallis circumplexa Lindl. 1838 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica

  50. Pleurothallis cogniauxiana Schltr. 1907 Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama

  51. Pleurothallis compressicaulis Dod 1984 Haiti and the Dominican Republic

  52. Pleurothallis consatae Luer & R.Vásquez 1999 Bolivia

  53. Pleurothallis cordatifolia Dod 1976 Dominican Republic

  54. Pleurothallis cornejoi [Luer] in ed. Ecuador

  55. Pleurothallis costabilis Luer & R.Vásquez 1991 Bolivia

  56. Pleurothallis crassilabia Ames & C.Schweinf. 1925 Costa Rica

  57. Pleurothallis cremasta Luer & J.Portilla 2001 Ecuador

  58. Pleurothallis crinita Barb. Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  59. Pleurothallis cristata (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896 Brazil

  60. Pleurothallis cryptantha Barb.Rodr.1877 Brazil

  61. Pleurothallis cryptophoranthoides Loefgr. 1918 Brazil

  62. Pleurothallis cymbiformis Dod 1984 Dominican Republic

  63. Pleurothallis decipiens Ames & C. Schweinf. 1925 Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador and Venezuela

  64. Pleurothallis decurrens Poepp. & Endl. 1836 Colombia, Peru and Ecuador

  65. Pleurothallis deserta Luer & R. Vásquez 1999 Ecuador & Bolivia

  66. Pleurothallis deuterodubbeldamii [Luer & Sijm] in ed Colombia

  67. Pleurothallis deuteroklingelfusii [Luer & Toscano] in ed Brazil

  68. Pleurothallis discophylla Luer & Carnevali 1993 Venezuela , Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

  69. Pleurothallis dodsonii Luer 1976 Ecuador Pleurothallis echinocarpa C.Schweinf. 1942 Ecuador, Peru

  70. Pleurothallis echinosa [Luer & Toscano] in ed. Brazil

  71. Pleurothallis ellipsophylla L.O.Williams 1942 Costa Rica and Panama

  72. Pleurothallis ericae [Luer] in ed. Peru

  73. Pleurothallis erythrogramma Luer & Carnevali 1993 Ecuador and Peru

  74. Pleurothallis esmeraldae Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  75. Pleurothallis exarticulata Barb. Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  76. Pleurothallis exdrasii Luer & Toscano 2002 Brazil

  77. Pleurothallis eximia L.O.Williams 1942 Mexico

  78. Pleurothallis fabiobarrosii Borba & Semir 2000 Brazil

  79. Pleurothallis fecunda [Pupulin, G.A.Rojas & J.D.Zuñiga] comb. novo. Pfahl 2013 Costa Rica

  80. Pleurothallis fenestrata Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  81. Pleurothallis fernandezii [Luer] comb. novo. Pfahl 2013 Peru

  82. Pleurothallis fockei Lindl. 1859 Brazil, Surinam and Venezuela

  83. Pleurothallis foetens Lindl. 1843 Brazil

  84. Pleurothallis fornograndensis [L.Kollmann & A.P.Fontana] comb. novo. Pfahl 2013 Brazil

  85. Pleurothallis fumioi T.Hashim. 1971 Peru

  86. Pleurothallis garciae Luer 1999 Venezuela

  87. Pleurothallis geminicaulina Ames 1923 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador

  88. Pleurothallis glanduligera Lindl. 1836 Brazil

  89. Pleurothallis glumacea Lindl. 1836 Brazil

  90. Pleurothallis gouveiae A.Samp. 1916 Brazil

  91. Pleurothallis gracilisepala Brade 1951 Brazil

  92. Pleurothallis granitica Luer & G.A.Romero in G.A.Romero & G.Carnevali 2000 Venezuela

  93. Pleurothallis greenwoodii [Soto Arenas] in ed. mEXICO

  94. Pleurothallis guimaraensii Brade 1943 Brazil

  95. Pleurothallis hamosa Barb. Rodr. 1881 Brazil

    Pleurothallis hartwegiifolia H.Wendl. & Kraenzl 1900 Mexico

  96. Pleurothallis hastulata Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881 Brazil

  97. Pleurothallis heliconioides Luer & R.Vásquez 1980 Bolivia

  98. Pleurothallis henrici Schltr. 1921 Ecuador

  99. Pleurothallis heringeri Hoehne 1946 Brazil

  100. Pleurothallis herrerae Luer 1991 Guatemala

  101. Pleurothallis heteropetala Luer 1976 Ecuador

  102. Pleurothallis hirsutula Fawc. & Rendle Jamaica

  103. Pleurothallis hoffmannseggiana Rchb. f. 1849 Brazil

  104. Pleurothallis hondurensis Ames 1924 Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua

  105. Pleurothallis hymenantha Lindl. 1835 Brazil, Cuba

  106. Pleurothallis javieri [Archila] comb novo Pfahl 2013 Guatemala

  107. Pleurothallis johannensis Barb. Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  108. Pleurothallis johnsonii Ames 1923 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama

  109. Pleurothallis jordanensis Hoehne 1929 Brazil

  110. Pleurothallis juxtaposita Luer 1991 Panama

  111. Pleurothallis karlii Pabst 1956 Brazil

  112. Pleurothallis kateora (Garay) Luer 1981 Colombia

  113. Pleurothallis kegelii Rchb.f. 1877 Surinam and Fr Guiana
  114. Pleurothallis klingelfusii [Luer, Toscano & Baptista] ined Brazil
  115. Pleurothallis klotzschiana Rchb.f. 1850 Brazil

  116. Pleurothallis krahnii [Luer & Vásquez] comb novo Pfahl 2013 Bolivia

  117. Pleurothallis lamia Luer 1979 Ecuador

  118. Pleurothallis lanceana Lodd. 1831 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela as well as Trinidad

  119. Pleurothallis langeana Kraenzl. 1911 Brazil

  120. Pleurothallis lateralis L.O.Williams 1956 Costa Rica

  121. Pleurothallis leptotifolia Barb. Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  122. Pleurothallis limae Porto & Brade 1940 Brazil

  123. Pleurothallis litensis Luer & Hirtz 2001 Ecuador

  124. Pleurothallis lojae Schltr. 1921 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  125. Pleurothallis luteola Lindl. 1841 Brazil

  126. Pleurothallis macilenta [Luer & Hirtz] in ed. Ecuadopr

  127. Pleurothallis macropoda Barb. Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  128. Pleurothallis macuconensis Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  129. Pleurothallis madisonii Luer 1979 Ecuador

  130. Pleurothallis magalhaesii Pabst 1975 Brazil

  131. Pleurothallis markii [Archila] comb novo Pfahl 2013 Guatemala

  132. Pleurothallis marleniae [Damian, Chiron & Mitidieri] in ed. Peru

  133. Pleurothallis marquesii [Luer & Toscano] in ed. Brazil

  134. Pleurothallis marumbyana Garay 1953 Brazil

  135. Pleurothallis melachila Barb.Rodr.1881 Brazil

  136. Pleurothallis melanochthoda Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador, Peru

  137. Pleurothallis melanoglossa Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  138. Pleurothallis mendozae [Luer] comb. novo. Pfahl 2013 Bolivia

  139. Pleurothallis mexiae Luer 1999 Peru

  140. Pleurothallis micrantha Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  141. Pleurothallis miguelii Schltr. 1913 Dominican Republic

  142. Pleurothallis minimifolia Luer 1986 Brazil

  143. Pleurothallis miqueliana (H.Focke) Lindl. 1859 Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guiana, Surinam and Brazil

  144. Pleurothallis modestissima Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881 Brazil

  145. Pleurothallis montana Barb.Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  146. Pleurothallis morenoi Luer 1979 Bolivia

  147. Pleurothallis morilloi Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1993 Venezuela

  148. Pleurothallis moronae Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  149. Pleurothallis murex Rchb.f. 1865 Cuba

  150. Pleurothallis murexoidea Pabst 1956 Brazil

  151. Pleurothallis muscicola Barb.Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  152. Pleurothallis nanella Luer & Hirtz 2003 Ecuador

  153. Pleurothallis nemorosa Barb.Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  154. Pleurothallis neobilobulata [Zambrano & Solano] in ed Ecuador

  155. Pleurothallis neohamata ined. Costa Rica

  156. Pleurothallis neojordanensis Luer 1986 Venezuela, Ecuador and Brazil

  157. Pleurothallis obscura A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845 Mexico

  158. Pleurothallis ochreata Lindl. 1835 Brazil

  159. Pleurothallis octophrys Rchb.f. 1876 Brazil

  160. Pleurothallis odontotepala Rchb.f. 1865 Cuba Jamaica

  161. Pleurothallis ofella Luer 1982 Ecuador

  162. Pleurothallis oligantha Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  163. Pleurothallis omissa Luer 1999 Venezuela

    Pleurothallis oricola H.Stenzel 2002 Cuba

  164. Pleurothallis pacayana Schltr. 1925 Guatemala and Costa Rica

  165. Pleurothallis panduripetala Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  166. Pleurothallis pantasmi Rchb.f.1855 Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Ecuador

  167. Pleurothallis pantasmoides C.Schweinf. 1951 Ecuador and Peru

  168. Pleurothallis papillosa Lindl. 1835 Brazil

  169. Pleurothallis papulifolia Luer 1999 Cuba

  170. Pleurothallis paradoxa Luer & Dalström 1996 Ecuador

  171. Pleurothallis pardipes Rchb. f. 1872 Brazil

  172. Pleurothallis pazii [Luer ] comb novo Pfahl 2013 Colombia

  173. Pleurothallis pectinata Lindl. 1839 Bolivia and Brazil

  174. Pleurothallis per-dusenii Hoehne 1936 Brazil

  175. Pleurothallis phoenicoptera Carnevali & G.A.Romero 1994 Venezuela

  176. Pleurothallis phyllostachys Schltr. 1921 Peru

  177. Pleurothallis platystachys Regel 1888 Brazil

  178. Pleurothallis pollardiana Solano in ed. Mexico

  179. Pleurothallis portilloi Luer & R.Escobar 1982 Colombia

  180. Pleurothallis prognatha Luer & R.Escobar 1983 Colombia

  181. Pleurothallis prolifera Herb. ex Lindl. 1830 Guyana, Venezuela, Bolivia and Brazil

  182. Pleurothallis pubescens Lindl. 1836 Dominican Republic, Puerto Rica, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina

  183. Pleurothallis punctatiflora Luer 1986 Brazil

  184. Pleurothallis punicea Luer 1975 Ecuador

  185. Pleurothallis purpurascens Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  186. Pleurothallis pustulata [Zambrano & Solano] in ed. Ecuador

  187. Pleurothallis quadricristata Luer & Hirtz 2003

  188. Pleurothallis quadriserrata Luer 1975 Ecuador

  189. Pleurothallis raduliglossa Pabst 1962 Brazil

  190. Pleurothallis ramosa Barb.Rodr.1881 Brazil

  191. Pleurothallis recurva Lindl. 1841 Ecuador, Bolivia and Brazil

  192. Pleurothallis rinkei [Luer] comb novo Pfahl 2012 Ecuador

  193. Pleurothallis rodolfo-vasquezii [Damian] in ed. Peru

  194. Pleurothallis rodrigoi Luer 2003 Colombia

  195. Pleurothallis rodriguesii Cogn. 1896 Brazil

  196. Pleurothallis rostellata Barb.Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  197. Pleurothallis rubroviridis Lindl. 1858 Cuba, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

  198. Pleurothallis ruizii [Damian] in ed. Peru

  199. Pleurothallis sabinoana [Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N.] ined. Brzil

  200. Pleurothallis sandaliorum G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2000 Venezuela

  201. Pleurothallis saraca-taquerensis [Campacci & Silva] in ed. Brazil

  202. Pleurothallis sarcosepala Carnevali & I.Ramírez 2000 Venezuela

  203. Pleurothallis saundersiana Rchb.f. 1866 Colombia, Bolivia, Peru and southeastern Brazil

  204. Pleurothallis saurocephala Lodd. 1833 Brazil

  205. Pleurothallis scabripes Lindl. 1839 Brazil

  206. Pleurothallis scalpricaulis Luer 1976 Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador

  207. Pleurothallis serpentula Barb.Rodr.1881 Brazil

  208. Pleurothallis serrulatipetala Barb.Rodr.1881 Brazil

  209. Pleurothallis serrulata (Barb.Rodr.) Luer, 1981 Brazil

  210. Pleurothallis sicaria Lindl 1849 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela

  211. Pleurothallis sicariopsis Luer 1981 Ecuador

  212. Pleurothallis sicula Luer & R.Vásquez 1997 publ. 1998 Ecuador and Bolivia

  213. Pleurothallis silvae Luer & Toscano 2002 Brazil

  214. Pleurothallis simpliciflora Dod 1977 Dominican Republic

  215. Pleurothallis sonderana Rchb. f. 1849 Brazil

  216. Pleurothallis sotoanum[Solano} In ed. Vera Cruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas states of Mexico

  217. Pleurothallis strupifolia Lindl. 1839 Brazil

  218. Pleurothallis sulcata Porsch 1905 Brazil

  219. Pleurothallis teres Lindl. 1836 Brazil

  220. Pleurothallis testifolia (Sw.) Lindl. 1858 Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Windwards, Surinam Venezuela and Colombia

  221. Pleurothallis tikalensis Correll & C. Schweinf. 1965 Mexico, Belize and Guatemala

  222. Pleurothallis toachica Luer & Dodson 1996 Ecuador

  223. Pleurothallis tokachii Luer 1997 Peru

  224. Pleurothallis translucida Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  225. Pleurothallis tricarinata Poepp. & Endl. 1836 Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil

  226. Pleurothallis tristis Barb.Rodr. 1882 Brazil

  227. Pleurothallis unguicallosa Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930 Mexico

  228. Pleurothallis vandenbergii (Chiron) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Brazil

  229. Pleurothallis variegata Barb.Rodr. 1877 Brazil

  230. Pleurothallis venulosa Luer & R.Vásquez 2004 Bolivia First published in Richardiana 13: 278 (2013

  231. Pleurothallis verecunda Schltr. 1922 Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Ecuador

  232. Pleurothallis violacea A.Rich. & Galeotti 1845 Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador

  233. Pleurothallis violaceomaculata Hoehne 1952 Brazil

  234. Pleurothallis viridis Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  235. Pleurothallis wageneriana Klotzsch 1852 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela and Brazil

  236. Pleurothallis welsiae-windischiae Pabst 1978 Brazil

  237. Pleurothallis wilsonii Lindl. 1858

  238. Pleurothallis wyvern Luer & R.Escobar 1981 Colombia and Ecuador

  239. Pleurothallis yauaperyensis Barb.Rodr. 1891 Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guiana, Surinam and northern Brazil

  240. Pleurothallis zumbae Luer & Hirtz 2003 Ecuador

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