Pleurothallis phyllocardioides Schltr. 1923 SUBGENUS Pleurothallis SECTION Macrophyllae-Fasciculatae Lindl 1859

Photo by R Aguilar and The Pl@ntnet Website


Drawing by Carl Luer


Common Name The Like the Heart-Shaped Leaf Pleurothallis

Flower Size 1/8" [5mm]

Found in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela in wet montane and piedmont forests at elevations of 20 to 1800 meters as a miniature to small sized, hot to cool growing, caespitose epiphyte with cordate leaves that is with erect, stiff, slender ramicauls with 2 basal, elongate, tubular sheaths and a single, apical, ovate, triangular, cordate, acuminate, stiff, slightly coriaceous leaf held perpendicular to the erect stem and blooms in the fall through the spring, often reblooming off old inflorescence on an apical, short, fasciculate inflorescence with a tubular, as long as to just shorter than the pedicel floral bract and holds the flowers against the base of the leaves.

This species is variable in both color and form. Slender ramicauls bear a small, cordate leaf at the base of which a succession of small, yellow widely expanded flowers are produced. The sepals are less than .2" [5 mm] long and the petals are ususaly about half as long and less than 1mm wide at the base. The lip is ovate and obtuse, usually about .08" [2 mm] long and about .04" [1 mm] wide. A glenion is present at the base." Luer 2005

Synonyms Acronia phyllocardioides [Schlecter] Luer 2005; Pleurothallis acostaei Schltr. 1923; Pleurothallis graciliscapa C.Schweinf 1951; Pleurothallis rhaphidopus Schltr. 1924; Zosterophyllanthos phyllocardioides ( Schltr. ) Szlach. & Margonska 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

*Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 193. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923;

Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 285. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P acostaei;

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 27: 54 Schlechter 1924 as P rhaphidopus;

The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946;

Bot. Mus. Leafl. 15(3): 93 C. Schweinf. 1951 as P graciliscapa drawing fide;

Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 as P archidiaconi drawing ok;

Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as P archidiaconi drawing good;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 248 Dodson 1980 drawing fide;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1119 Dodson 1984 drawing close;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986;

The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992;

Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 163 Bennett & Christenson 1993 drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good;

Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000;

Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo not;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVII Systematics of Dryadella and Acronia Section Macrophyllae-Fasciculatae Luer 2005 as Acronia phyllocardioides

Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVII Systematics of Dryadella and Acronia Section Macrophyllae-Fasciculatae Luer 2005 as Acronia phyllocardioides drawings fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 1 2006 photo fide;

Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as Acronia phyllocardioides photo fide;

Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide