SUBGENUS Pleurothallis SECTION Macrophyllae-Fasciclatae Lindl. 1859

Characterized by the single flowered inflorescence with the peduncle hidden within a spathe, the usually short pedicels, the entire, fringed to pubescent petals that are not sigmoid in outline and a thick, obtuse, oblong to transverse lip and a sorter, broader column with an apical anther and stigma that is almost always bilobed. This subsection and amphygiae are not distinctly separated in various borderline species and for this reason they later were separated by Luer into the genus Acronia [2005] with three sections, Acronia, Amphygia and Macrophyllae-fasciculatae.

  1. Pleurothallis acestrophylla Luer 1975 Ecuador and Peru

  2. Pleurothallis acutilabia Luer 1999 Colombia

  3. Pleurothallis adeleae Luer 1981 Ecuador and Ecuador

  4. Pleurothallis adelphe Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  5. Pleurothallis adonis Luer 1976 Colombia and Ecuador

  6. Pleurothallis adventurae Karremans & Bogarín 2011 Costa Rica

  7. Pleurothallis aguirrei Luer & R.Escobar 2003 Colombia

  8. Pleurothallis alopex Luer 1976 Bolivia and Paraguay

  9. Pleurothallis altimonile Luer & R.Escobar 1981 Colombia

  10. Pleurothallis ambyx Luer & R.Escobar 1981 Colombia and Ecuador

  11. Pleurothallis andreettae (Luer) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  12. Pleurothallis angusta Ames & C.Schweinf. 1925 Costa Rica and Panama

  13. Pleurothallis angustissima (Luer & Hirtz) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  14. Pleurothallis anthurioides A.Doucette 2016 Panama

  15. Pleurothallis apopsis Luer 1979 Ecuador

  16. Pleurothallis applanata Luer & Dalström 1996 Ecuador

  17. Pleurothallis archicolonae Luer 1976 Panama

  18. Pleurothallis arctata Luer 1997 Peru

  19. Pleurothallis ascera Luer & R. Escobar 1996 Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia

  20. Pleurothallis asplundii Luer 1996 Ecuador

  21. Pleurothallis aurita Schweinf 1940 Costa Rica

  22. Pleurothallis baezensis (Luer & Hirtz) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  23. Pleurothallis batrachus Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  24. Pleurothallis baudoensis Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia

  25. Pleurothallis belocardia Schltr. 1924 Colombia

  26. Pleurothallis bitumida Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  27. Pleurothallis bivalvis Lindl. 1846 Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela

  28. Pleurothallis blepharopetala Schltr.1915 Ecuador

  29. Pleurothallis bogarinii Pupulin & J.D. Zúñiga 2007 Costa Rica

  30. Pleurothallis bothros Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  31. Pleurothallis bovilingua Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia

  32. Pleurothallis braidiana [Luer] in ed. without location

  33. Pleurothallis bucculenta Luer 1976 Ecuador

  34. Pleurothallis bucranon Luer & Hirtz 1988 Ecuador

  35. Pleurothallis bulbosa [Luer & Escobar] Pfahl 2012 Colombia

  36. Pleurothallis calamifolia Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  37. Pleurothallis calceolaris Rchb.f. 1876 Colombia

  38. Pleurothallis callifera C.Schweinf. 1951 Venezuela

  39. Pleurothallis calogramma Luer 2003 Colombia

  40. Pleurothallis callosa Diaz & Pupulin 2021 Costa Rica

  41. Pleurothallis calolalax Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia

  42. Pleurothallis canaligera Rchb.f 1877 Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

  43. Pleurothallis canidentis Luer & R. Escobar 1998 Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia

  44. Pleurothallis cardiochila L.O. Williams 1942 Costa Rica and Panama

  45. Pleurothallis cardiocrepis Rchb.f.1888 Peru?

  46. Pleurothallis cardiophylax Rchb.f. 1888 Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

  47. Pleurothallis cardiostola Rchb. f. 1854 Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador

  48. Pleurothallis cardiothallis Rchb.f 1857 Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Colombia and Ecuador

  49. Pleurothallis carduela (Luer) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  50. Pleurothallis carnosa Braid 1924 Colombia

  51. Pleurothallis carrenoi Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1987 Venezuela

  52. Pleurothallis cassidata Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia

  53. Pleurothallis cauda-hirundinis Luer & J.Portilla 2002 Ecuador

  54. Pleurothallis cedrinorum Luer & Dalström 1996 Ecuador

  55. Pleurothallis chama Luer 1977 Ecuador

  56. Pleurothallis chaparensis (Luer & R.Vásquez) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Bolivia

  57. Pleurothallis chavezii Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  58. Pleurothallis chicalensis M.M.Jiménez & Baquero 2018 Ecuador

  59. Pleurothallis cobriformis L.O.Williams 1940 Panama

  60. Pleurothallis complanata Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  61. Pleurothallis compressa Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  62. Pleurothallis conformalis Luer & Dalström 2003 Ecuador

  63. Pleurothallis conicostigma Luer 1975 Ecuador

  64. Pleurothallis constricta Luer & R.Escobar R. 1998 Colombia

  65. Pleurothallis convexa Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  66. Pleurothallis cordata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lindl. 1830 Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  67. Pleurothallis cordifolia Rchb.f. & Wagener 1854 Costa Rica, Panama, Venzuela, Colombia and Ecuador

  68. Pleurothallis coriacardia Rchb. f. 1854 Ecuador and Peru

  69. Pleurothallis correllii Luer 1976 Guatemala, El Salvador and Mexico

  70. Pleurothallis corysta Luer 1978 Ecuador

  71. Pleurothallis crateriformis C.Schweinf. 1951 Ecuador and Peru

  72. Pleurothallis crossota Luer & Dalström 1996 Ecuador

  73. Pleurothallis crucifera Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  74. Pleurothallis culpameae (Luer) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  75. Pleurothallis cuzcoensis [Luer] ined. Peru

  76. Pleurothallis cutucuensis Luer 1977 Ecuador

  77. Pleurothallis cyanea Luer & R. Escobar 1984 Colombia

  78. Pleurothallis deflexa Luer 1975 Ecuador

  79. Pleurothallis dejavu Luer & Hirtz 1988Ecuador

  80. Pleurothallis depressa Luer & R. Escobar 1996 Colombia

  81. Pleurothallis dewildei Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia

  82. Pleurothallis diabolica Luer & R. Escobar 1981 Colombia Ecuador

  83. Pleurothallis diazii (Luer & Endara) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Peru

  84. Pleurothallis dibolia Luer 1975 Ecuador

  85. Pleurothallis dilemma Luer 2001 Ecuador

  86. Pleurothallis discoidea Lindl. 1835 Trinidad, Venezuela, Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador and Peru

  87. Pleurothallis dorotheae Luer 1980 Costa Rica

  88. Pleurothallis dracuncula (Luer & Hirtz) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  89. Pleurothallis drewii Luer 2000

    Ecuador

  90. Pleurothallis dubbeldamii Luer 2003 No Collection Data

  91. Pleurothallis ensata Luer 1975 Ecuador

  92. Pleurothallis epiglottis Luerb 1980 Ecuador

  93. Pleurothallis erythrium Luer 1978 Ecuador

    Pleurothallis escobarii (Luer) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Colombia

  94. Pleurothallis excavata Schltr. 1923 Costa Rica and Panama

  95. Pleurothallis fantastica Ames 1936 Costa Rica

  96. Pleurothallis folsomii (Luer & Endara) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Panama

  97. Pleurothallis fonnegrae (Luer & Endara) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Colombia

    ~

  98. Pleurothallis fossulata Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia and Ecuador

  99. Pleurothallis galerita Luer 1981 Ecuador

  100. Pleurothallis ganymedes Luer & R.Escobar 1981 Colombia

  101. Pleurothallis garciae Luer 1999 Venezuela

  102. Pleurothallis gargantua Luer 1996 Ecuador

  103. Pleurothallis geographica Luer 1977 Ecuador

  104. Pleurothallis giraffa Luer 1979 Ecuador

  105. Pleurothallis giraldoi Luer 1999 Colombia

  106. Pleurothallis glabra Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  107. Pleurothallis globosa Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  108. Pleurothallis glochis Luer & R.Escobar 1981 Colombia and Ecuador

  109. Pleurothallis gomezii Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  110. Pleurothallis gonzaleziorum Pupulin, Diaz & Pridgeon 2021 Costa Rica

  111. Pleurothallis grandiflora Lindl. 1835 Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  112. Pleurothallis grandilingua Pupuplin, M Diaz and Pridgeon 2021 Costa Rica

  113. Pleurothallis hemileuca Luer 1982 Panama

  114. Pleurothallis hoeijeri Luer & Hirtz 1988 Ecuador

  115. Pleurothallis homalantha Schltr.1923 El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Brazil

  116. Pleurothallis imitor Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  117. Pleurothallis imperialis Luer 1975 Ecuador and Colombia

  118. Pleurothallis index Luer 1980 Ecuador and Colombia

  119. Pleurothallis isthmica Luer 1977 Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama

  120. Pleurothallis jaramilloi Luer 2001 Colombia

  121. Pleurothallis jupiter Luer 1975 Ecuador

  122. Pleurothallis killipii Garay 1956 Colombia

  123. Pleurothallis lacera Luer 1975 Colombia and Ecuador

  124. Pleurothallis languida Luer & R.Escobar 1998 Colombia

  125. Pleurothallis latipetala Garay 1952 Colombia

  126. Pleurothallis lemniscifolia Luer 1975 Ecuador

  127. Pleurothallis leucantha Schltr. 1912 Guatemala

  128. Pleurothallis lilijae Foldats 1968 Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador

  129. Pleurothallis linguifera Lindl. 1859 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela

  130. Pleurothallis longipetala Bogarin & Belfort 2021 Costa Rica

  131. Pleurothallis loreae Carnevali & I.Ramírez 2003 Venezuela

  132. Pleurothallis luna-crescens Pupulin, J.Aguilar & Mel.Fernández 2017 Costa Rica

  133. Pleurothallis lunaris Luer & R.Escobar 1981 Colombia

  134. Pleurothallis lynniana [Luer] Comb. novo. Pfahl 2012 Ecuador

  135. Pleurothallis macra Lindl. 1859 Ecuador and Peru

  136. Pleurothallis macrocardia Rchb.f. 1855 Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia

  137. Pleurothallis maduroi Luer 1997 Panama

  138. Pleurothallis magnipetala C.Schweinf. 1951 Peru

  139. Pleurothallis marioi Zambrano & Solano 2017 Ecuador

  140. Pleurothallis marthae Luer & R. Escobar 1996 Colombia

  141. Pleurothallis mastodon Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  142. Pleurothallis matudana C. Schweinf. 1938 Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Ecuador and Bolivia

  143. Pleurothallis megaglossa Luer & Dalström 1996 Ecuador

  144. Pleurothallis megalorhina Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  145. Pleurothallis mesopotamica Bogarin & Belfort 2021 Costa Rica

  146. Pleurothallis microcardia Rchb.f. 1855 Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  147. Pleurothallis millei Schltr. 1915 Ecuador

  148. Pleurothallis minutilabia Mark Wilson, Tobar & Á.J.Pérez 2018 Ecuador

  149. Pleurothallis monocardia Rchb. f. 1855 Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador

    ~

  150. Pleurothallis muriculata Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  151. Pleurothallis navisepala Pupulin, J.Aguilar & M.Díaz 2017 Costa Rica

  152. Pleurothallis neorinkei A.Doucette 2016 Colombia

  153. Pleurothallis neossa (Luer & Hirtz) J.M.H.Shaw 2014 Ecuador

  154. Pleurothallis nephroglossa Schltr. 1921 Ecuador

  155. Pleurothallis nipterophylla C.A.Luer 1976 Ecuador

  156. Pleurothallis nitida Luer 1977 Panama

  157. Pleurothallis nossax Luer & R. Escobar 1981 Colombia

  158. Pleurothallis octavioi Luer & R.Escobar R. 1981 Colombia

  159. Pleurothallis omoglossa Luer 1976 Ecuador

  160. Pleurothallis oncoglossa Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  161. Pleurothallis ortegae Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  162. Pleurothallis oscarii Archila & Chiron 2011 Guatemala

  163. Pleurothallis oxapampae Luer 1982 Peru

  164. Pleurothallis pallida Luer 1977 Panama

  165. Pleurothallis palliolata Ames 1922 Costa Rica and Panama

  166. Pleurothallis pansamalae Schltr. 1912 Mexico, Guatemalla, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua

  167. Pleurothallis paquishae Luer 1996 Ecuador and Peru

  168. Pleurothallis peculiaris Luer 1976 Panama

  169. Pleurothallis pelicophora Luer 2001 Ecuador

  170. Pleurothallis penelops Luer 1978 Ecuador

  171. Pleurothallis perijaensis Dunst. 1978 Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador

  172. Pleurothallis peroniocephala Luer 1975 Ecuador

  173. Pleurothallis perryi Luer 1979 Ecuador

  174. Pleurothallis persimilis Luer & Hirtz 2003 Ecuador

  175. Pleurothallis phyllocardia Rchb.f. 1866 Costa Rica and Panama

  176. Pleurothallis phyllocardioides Schltr. 1923 Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela

  177. Pleurothallis phymatodea Luer 1976 Ecuador

  178. Pleurothallis pileata Luer & R.Escobar 1982 Colombia

  179. Pleurothallis platypetala Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  180. Pleurothallis platysepala Schltr. 1920 Colombia

  181. Pleurothallis portillae Luer 1979 Colombia and Ecuador

  182. Pleurothallis prolaticollaris Luer 1977 Ecuador

  183. Pleurothallis pseudopogon Luer & Hirtz 1998 Ecuador

  184. Pleurothallis pudica Pupulin, J.Aguilar & M.Díaz 2017 Costa Rica

  185. Pleurothallis pyelophera [Luer] comb. novo. Pfahl 2013 Ecuador

  186. Pleurothallis quitu-cara Carrera & Baquero 2018 Ecuador

  187. Pleurothallis radula Luer 1979 Costa Rica

  188. Pleurothallis ramosii Luer 1998 Colombia

  189. Pleurothallis rectipetala Ames & Schweinf. 1925 Panama

  190. Pleurothallis recurvata Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  191. Pleurothallis reptans Luer 1981 Ecuador

  192. Pleurothallis rhinocera (Luer & Sijm) J.M.H.Shaw 2013 Ecuador

  193. Pleurothallis rhodoglossa Schltr.1922 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador

  194. Pleurothallis ripleyi Luer 1979 Ecuador

  195. Pleurothallis ruberrima Lindley 1846 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela

  196. Pleurothallis rubroinversa Luer 1975 Ecuador

  197. Pleurothallis rugosa Luer & R.Escobar 1982 Colombia

  198. Pleurothallis saccatilabia C.Schweinf. 1940 Mexico and Guatemala

  199. Pleurothallis sagittilabia Luer 1998 Colombia

  200. Pleurothallis sanchoi Ames 1923 Guatemala, Costa Rica and Panama

  201. Pleurothallis sannio Luer & R.Escobar 1988 Colombia

  202. Pleurothallis sarcochila Garay 1953 Ecuador

  203. Pleurothallis scabrilinguis Lindl. 1836 Colombia Ecuador and Peru

  204. Pleurothallis scaphipetala Luer 1996 Costa Rica

  205. Pleurothallis scotinantha Pupulin, M.Díaz & J.Aguilar 2017 Costa Rica

  206. Pleurothallis scurrula Luer 1976 Peru

  207. Pleurothallis semiscabra Lindl. 1846 Venezuela

  208. Pleurothallis sergioi Luer & R.Escobar 2003 Colombia

  209. Pleurothallis serricardia Schltr. 1924 Colombia

  210. Pleurothallis sigynes Luer 1976 Colombia & Ecuador

  211. Pleurothallis silvae-pacis Karremans 2011 Costa Rica

  212. Pleurothallis siphoglossa Luer & R. Escobar 1996 Colombia

  213. Pleurothallis sotarae Schltr. 1920 Colombia

  214. Pleurothallis sphaerantha Luer 1975 Ecuador

  215. Pleurothallis stelidilabia Luer 1979 Ecuador

  216. Pleurothallis stellata I.Ramírez & Carnevali 2003 Venezuela

  217. Pleurothallis stenosepala Rolfe 1892 Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia

  218. Pleurothallis stenota Luer 1977 Colombia and Ecuador

  219. Pleurothallis subtilis C.Schweinf. 1951 Venezuela and Colombia

  220. Pleurothallis x subversa Pupulin & Bogarin 2021 Costa Rica

  221. Pleurothallis tamaensis Foldats 1968 northwestern Venezuela

  222. Pleurothallis tapatiensis Pupulin, M Diaz & Pridgeon 2021 Costa Rica

  223. Pleurothallis teaguei Luer 1996 Ecuador

  224. Pleurothallis titan Luer 1977 Panama and Colombia

  225. Pleurothallis tobarii [Luer & Hirtz] comb. novo. Pfahl 2012 Ecuador

  226. Pleurothallis tonduzii Schltr. 1918 Costa Rica, Panama and Peru?

  227. Pleurothallis tragulosa Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  228. Pleurothallis transversilabia Carnevali & I.Ramírez 2000 Venezuela

    Pleurothallis triangulilabia C.Schweinf. 1937 Costa Rica

  229. Pleurothallis tridentata Klotzsch 1840 Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru? and Bolivia?

  230. Pleurothallis troglodytes Luer 1982 Ecuador

  231. Pleurothallis tyria Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  232. Pleurothallis undulata Poepp. & Endl. 1836 Peru

  233. Pleurothallis upanoensis Luer & Hirtz 2003 Ecuador

  234. Pleurothallis valladolidensis Luer 1983 Ecuador

  235. Pleurothallis variabilis Luer 1979 Colombia and Ecuador

  236. Pleurothallis vinealis Luer & R.Escobar 1986 Colombia and Ecuador

  237. Pleurothallis volans Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  238. Pleurothallis zarumae Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

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