Pleurothallis crocodiliceps Rchb. f. 1855 SUBGENUS Ancipitia SECTION Ancipitia Luer 1986

Photos by Bogarin and The Epidendra Website

White Flowered Specimen

Photo by Richard Korber.

Spotted variety

Photo by Federico Oviedo Brenes.

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Specimen showing crocodile head lip shape with no appendages

TYPE Drawing/specimen by Rchb.f.

Full Shade Warm to ColdSummer

Common Name The Crocodile Head Pleurothallis

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found in Chiapas state of Mexico, Guatemala, Cartago and Guanacaste provinces of Costa Rica, Chiriqui, Cocle and Veraguas provinces of Panama, Santander del Norte department of Colombia, Tungarahua and Zamora-Chinchipe provinces of Ecuador, Peru and the Federal District of Venezuela at elevations of 400 to 3000 meters as a small sized, warm to cold growing, shortly repent to loosely caespitose epiphyte with slender, erect ramicauls that are sharply ancipitous above the middle and 2 to 3 basal, tubular sheaths and another larger one just below the middle, carrying a single, apical, rigid, coriaceous, ovate, acute, rounded base, cordate, sessile leaf that blooms in the summer to a fascile of solitary, successive flowers, arising through a reclining spathe, .12" [3 mm] long, filiform, reclining, ascending to erect, successivly single, few flowered inflorescence with a single tubular, much shorter than the pedicel floral bract

In error P crocodiliceps has been in symmetry with P arietina, P nelsonii and P microchila, see Lankesteriana Wilson 2017 for the explanation of why they are separate.

Synonyms Ancipitia crocodiliceps (Rchb.f.) Luer 2004; Humboltia crocodiliceps (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

* Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855;

AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 not = P arietina;

Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not = P arietina;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol VI Systematics of Pleurothallis subgen Ancipita, Scopula and Trisetella Luer 1989 drawing not = P arietina;

Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide;

Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing not = P arietina;

Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Ancipitia crocodieliceps;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide;

LANKESTERIANA 17(2) Wilson etal 2017 photo fide;

Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide