Pleurothallis crocodiliceps Rchb. f. 1855

SUBGENUS Ancipitia SECTION Ancipitia Luer 1986 Photos by Bogarin and The Epidendra Website

White Flowered Specimen Photo by Richard Korber.

Spotted variety Photo by Federico Oviedo Brenes.

Full Shade Warm to ColdSummer

Common Name The Crocodile Head Pleurothallis

Flower Size 2/5" [1 cm]

Found as a small sized,warm to cold growing epiphyte at elevations of 400 to 3000 meters from Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela with slender, erect ramicauls that are sharply ancipitous above the middle and 2 to 3 basal, tubular sheaths and another larger one just below the middle, carrying a single, apical, rigid, coriaceous, ovate, acute, rounded base, cordate, sessile leaf that blooms in the summer to a fascile of solitary, successive flowers, arising through a reclining spathe, 1/12th" [3 mm] long, filiform, reclining, ascending to erect inflorescence with a single tubular floral bract carrying a single successive flower.

Synonyms Ancipitia crocodiliceps (Rchb.f.) Luer 2004; Humboltia crocodiliceps (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis arietina Ames 1923; Pleurothallis microchila L.O.Williams 1967; Pleurothallis nelsonii Ames 1923

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR as P arietina; *Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855; Schedul. Orchid. 4: 16. 1923 as P arietina; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as P arietina drawing hmm??; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as P arietina; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as P nelsonii; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis subgen Ancipita, Scopula and Trisetella Vol 6 Luer 1989 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 - 6 Orchids of Mexico Part 2 - 3 Plate 640 Hagsater & Soto 2002 as P nelsonii drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Ancipitia crocodieliceps Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide;