Pleurothallis prolifera Herb. ex Lindl. 1830 SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Sicariae SUBSECTION Pectinatae Luer 1986

Plant in situ La Caraça, Minas Gerais elevation 1100 to 1300 meters

Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Flower Closeup Photo by © Luiz Filipe Varella

Part sunColdtoCool WinterSpringSummer Fall

Common Name The Rich Fruiting Pleurothallis

Flower Size about 1/8" [5 to 6 mm]

This miniature sized, lithophytic or epiphytic, cold to cool growing species is found in Guyana, Venezuela, Bolivia and Rio De Janiero, Distrito federal, Bahia, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo Brazil in cloud forests at elevations of 1300 to 1600 meters in areas with hot dry days and cool nights with frequent dews as a small sized, cool to cold growing lithophyte or terrestrial with erect stems enveloped basally by 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, descending, fleshy-coriaceous, ovate to lanceolate, acute, basally conduplicate leaf that blooms at most any time of the year on an apical, pendant, 3/4" [2 cm] long, fasciculate, few to several flowered inflorescence that holds the flowers flat along mid-leaf. Grow on treefern with cold to cool temperatures, bright light, moderate shade and a little lesss water than with most other Pleurothallis.

Synonyms Acianthera prolifera (Herb. ex Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Humboldtia prolifera (Herb. ex Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia prolifera (Herb. ex Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis lithophila Barb. Rodr. 1907

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975 photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Acianthera prolifera; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 drawing fide; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005 drawing/photo good; ; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and Its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 drawing fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo good;