!Stenorrhynchos speciosum [Jacq.] Rich. ex Spreng. 1817

Flower Closeup in situ Colombia

Flower Closer still in situ Colombia

Another inflorescence in situ Colombia

Plants in flower in situ in Cundinamarca Colombia 12/06 el 2975 meters

Plant in situ Cundinamarca 12/06 2975 meters

Photos by © Jay Pfahl

Close Up of Flowers

Closer Still

Photos by © Andreas Philipp


Photo by Allen Black

Part shade Cold Falland Winter

Common Name The Outstanding Stenorrhynchos

Flower Size 3/4" [1.8 cm]

Found in French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina in moister areas of semi-deciduous forests at elevations of 1200 to 3000 meters as a medium sized, cold growing terrestrial in seasonally dry forests or plains, in humus or on steep embankments or an ocasional epiphyte with a spiral rosette of 6 to 12, elliptic, petiolate, dark green and white varigated, persistant leaves that blooms in the mid-fall and winter on a 8" to 36" [20 to 90 cm] long, terminal, erect, many [60] flowered, racemose inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate, red bracts and carrying the long-lasting, spirally arranged flowers at the apex.

The major diagnostic difference from the N American Sacoila lanceolatum and S speciosum of Central, South America and the Caribbean is the northern species has clear green leaves and the southern ones have white splotched leaves.

Synonyms Gyrostachys speciosa [Jacq.] Kuntze 1891; Ibidium coloratum (N.E. Br. ex Hemsl.) House 1915; Ibidium speciosum [Jacq.] Salisb. 1812; *Neottia speciosa Jacq. 1793; *Serapias speciosa [Jacq.] J.F. Gmel. 1791; Spiranthes colorans Hemsl. 1884; Spiranthes colorata N.E. Br. 1883; Spiranthes colorata var. maculata N.E. Br. 1883; Spiranthes nutans (Kunth & C.D.Bouché) Garay & Dunst. 1976; Spiranthes richardii Autran & T. Durand 1896; Spiranthes speciosa (Jacq.) Lilja 1842; Spiranthes speciosa [Jacq.] A. Rich. 1852; Stenorrhynchos millei Schltr. 1917; Stenorrhynchos nutans Kunth & C.D.Bouché 1848; Stenorrhynchos speciosum var. nutans (Kunth & C.D.Bouché) Szlach. 1994

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Spiranthes speciosus drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Spiranthes speciosa; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Spiranthes speciosa drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 8 1962 photo as Spiranthes speciosa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Spiranthes speciosum photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Spiranthes speciosa drawing good; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as Spiranthes colorata drawing/photo hmm not = Stenorhynchos lanceolata?; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Spiranthes speciosum; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as S nutans drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 photo NOT = s SPECIOSUM ; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1295 Dodson 1985 drawing ok; ORQUIDEA (Méx. ) 10 (1) ABRIL 1986 photo not = Sacoila lanceolata; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as S lanceolatum; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo not = Sacoila lanceolata; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 as S nutans photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 10 1992 photo not = S lanceolatum; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1492 Atwood 1992 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1492a Atwood 1992 drawing ok; An Orchid Flora of Peurto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo hm m clear leaves; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as S nutans drawing good; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 11 2003 photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 as S nutans photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Native Ecuasorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 24 #1 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 3 2006 drawing fide; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2005 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 75 #1 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #1 2015 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #3 2016 as Neottia speciosum drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide; Lankesteriana 19(1). 31 - 55 2019 photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018