Vanilla albida Blume 1823 Photo by © J B Comber and Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria

EARLY

Common Name The White Vanilla - In Thailand O lop, ka o lon, ngot khao

Flower Size 3" [7.5 cm]

Found in Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Suluwesi and Taiwan in tropical evergreen forests on rocks by waterfalls and in mixed deciduous forests at elevations around 70 to 600 meters as a giant sized, hot to warm growing, climbing terrestrial with an elongate, terete, leaf bearing stem carrying fleshy, lanceolate, acute, petiolate base leaves that blooms in the winter and early spring on rather angular, [1 to 3 cm] long, 6 to 12 flowered inflorescence with triangular, obtuse floral bracts carrying wide open flowers that close half way after a day or so.

Synonyms Vanilla griffithii var. formosana T.Itô 1911; Vanilla griffithii var. ronoensis (Hayata) S.S.Ying 1977; Vanilla montana Ridl. 1915; Vanilla ronoensis Hayata 1920;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1953 as V montana; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitnand 1959 as V pilifera drawing fide; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids Of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as V somai; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide

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