Echinosepala sempergemmata (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

Photo by Bogarin

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing as Myoxanthis sempergemmatus by Carl Luer

Full Shade Cool ColdLATEFallWinter

Common Name or Meaning The Always In Bud Pleurothallis [refers to the flowers never opening]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama at elevations around 1500 to 2200 meters as a small sized, cool to cold, shortly repent to caespitose growing epiphyte with stout, erect ramcauls enveloped by 6 to 8, loose, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, narrowly elliptical to narrowly ovate, acute, cuneate below into the conduplicate, sessile base leaf that blooms in the late fall and winter on a fascile of pubescent, arising through a spathe at the apex of the ramicaul, .8 to 1.6" [2 to 4 cm] long, successively single, few flowered inflorescence with inflated, shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying cleistogamous flowers that never open.

"A few flowers are borne simultaneously in a fascile from the deep cleft of the conduplicate base of the lead. Similar to Echinosepala aspasicensis and Echinosepala uncinata but the lip differs in the acute apex with incurved sides and in the broad, transvbersely rugose callus that occupies most of the disc." Luer 1992

Synonyms Brenesia sempergemmata (Luer) Luer 2004; Echinella sempergemmata (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Myoxanthus sempergemmatus (Luer) Luer 1986; Pleurothallis sempergemmata Luer 1977

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Selbyana 3: 386 Luer 1977 as Pleurothallis sempergemmata drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol IX Systematics of Myoxanthus Luer 1992 as Myoxanthus sempergemmata drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XII Systematics of Brachionidium Luer 1995;

Lindleyana 16: 253 Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001 as Echinella sempergemmata;

* Lindleyana 17: 101 Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002 as Echinosepala sempergemmata;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Pleurothallis sempergemmata;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera, A second century of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Brenesia sempergemmata;

LANKESTERIANA 17(2): Pupulin 2017 photo fide; Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as E alexandrae photo fide